Illness perception among hypertensive patients in primary care centre UKMMC

Norfazilah Ahmad, Aaron Samuel, Poh Tse Law, Ainaa Athirah Ahmad Khusairi, Ain Zulkifli Nurul, Syahnaz Mohd Hashim, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is one of the chronic diseases with a rising trend globally, including Malaysia. Patients' own perception of their illness is a strong factor that determines their healthseeking behaviour. The objective of this study was to evaluate the illness perception of hypertensive patients and the associated factors. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 hypertensive patients who were randomly sampled at the Primary Care Centre of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (PCC UKMMC) from October 2011 to January 2012. All respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire comprising three sections: (1) Socio-demographic data, (2) Illness perception score, measured using the Malay version of Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ) and (3) Malay version of depression and anxiety, assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data entry and analysis were done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19.0. Results: The total illness perception score was significantly higher among Malay 5.13 (95% CI: 2.21, 8.05), those with positive family history 5.43 (95% CI: 2.14, 8.72) and respondents who have anxiety 8.56 (95% CI: 4.39, 12.73). Conclusion: Primary care providers need to identify these three significant factors that are associated with patients' illness perception when managing hypertensive patients. Steps need to be taken to screen and treat anxiety among this group of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalMalaysian Family Physician
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Primary Health Care
Anxiety
Malaysia
Depression
Social Sciences
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Hypertension
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Illness perception
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice
  • Community and Home Care

Cite this

Illness perception among hypertensive patients in primary care centre UKMMC. / Ahmad, Norfazilah; Samuel, Aaron; Law, Poh Tse; Khusairi, Ainaa Athirah Ahmad; Nurul, Ain Zulkifli; Mohd Hashim, Syahnaz; Mohammed Nawi, Azmawati.

In: Malaysian Family Physician, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2013, p. 19-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahmad, Norfazilah ; Samuel, Aaron ; Law, Poh Tse ; Khusairi, Ainaa Athirah Ahmad ; Nurul, Ain Zulkifli ; Mohd Hashim, Syahnaz ; Mohammed Nawi, Azmawati. / Illness perception among hypertensive patients in primary care centre UKMMC. In: Malaysian Family Physician. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 19-25.
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