Identifying the sources of dengue infection and prevention practices at household level in Seremban District, Malaysia

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Dengue illness is one of the most relevant public health problems in Malaysia. The incidence of dengue infection in the country has increased steadily during the last decade Seremban is one of the highly affected districts by dengue in the country. This study aims to identify the sources of dengue infection in Seremban district, Malaysia. The study also reveals the prevention practices used by the households to protect themselves from dengue infection. Materials and Methods: Structured interviews were conducted at household level in order to obtain primary data for the study. A total of 120 patients with confirmed dengue illness were enrolled in the study. Purposive random sampling method was applied to select the samples. Descriptive statistics viz. summation, mean, standard deviation, percentage, maximum and minimum value and ratios were applied to analyze the data. Results: Majority (45.8%) of the study patients reported that they got dengue infection at park/garden while a significantly lower portion (2.5%) of the respondents claimed to be infected at tourist spots. The most frequently used prevention measure by the households to protect the family members from infection was found to be insecticides aerosol spray (54.16%) followed by mosquito coils, mats, etc. (49.16%). A greater portion of the households reported that they chose these prevention measures due to their high effectiveness (46.67%) and convenient to use (42%). Conclusion: The findings of the study provide a detailed knowledge or insight about the sources of dengue infection and prevention measures used by the households in the district which might assist policy-makers in implementing more effective control strategies for the disease at district as well as national level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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mosquito
spray
garden
insecticide
infection
household
public health
aerosol
sampling
prevention measure
method
family
statistics
policy
material

Keywords

  • Dengue
  • Infection
  • Insecticide
  • Mosquito
  • Preventive measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

@article{5192493b7c1441e4a55e621eb709f9c0,
title = "Identifying the sources of dengue infection and prevention practices at household level in Seremban District, Malaysia",
abstract = "Background and Objective: Dengue illness is one of the most relevant public health problems in Malaysia. The incidence of dengue infection in the country has increased steadily during the last decade Seremban is one of the highly affected districts by dengue in the country. This study aims to identify the sources of dengue infection in Seremban district, Malaysia. The study also reveals the prevention practices used by the households to protect themselves from dengue infection. Materials and Methods: Structured interviews were conducted at household level in order to obtain primary data for the study. A total of 120 patients with confirmed dengue illness were enrolled in the study. Purposive random sampling method was applied to select the samples. Descriptive statistics viz. summation, mean, standard deviation, percentage, maximum and minimum value and ratios were applied to analyze the data. Results: Majority (45.8{\%}) of the study patients reported that they got dengue infection at park/garden while a significantly lower portion (2.5{\%}) of the respondents claimed to be infected at tourist spots. The most frequently used prevention measure by the households to protect the family members from infection was found to be insecticides aerosol spray (54.16{\%}) followed by mosquito coils, mats, etc. (49.16{\%}). A greater portion of the households reported that they chose these prevention measures due to their high effectiveness (46.67{\%}) and convenient to use (42{\%}). Conclusion: The findings of the study provide a detailed knowledge or insight about the sources of dengue infection and prevention measures used by the households in the district which might assist policy-makers in implementing more effective control strategies for the disease at district as well as national level.",
keywords = "Dengue, Infection, Insecticide, Mosquito, Preventive measures",
author = "Mia, {Md Shahin} and Er, {Ah Choy} and Pereira, {Joy Jacqueline}",
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N2 - Background and Objective: Dengue illness is one of the most relevant public health problems in Malaysia. The incidence of dengue infection in the country has increased steadily during the last decade Seremban is one of the highly affected districts by dengue in the country. This study aims to identify the sources of dengue infection in Seremban district, Malaysia. The study also reveals the prevention practices used by the households to protect themselves from dengue infection. Materials and Methods: Structured interviews were conducted at household level in order to obtain primary data for the study. A total of 120 patients with confirmed dengue illness were enrolled in the study. Purposive random sampling method was applied to select the samples. Descriptive statistics viz. summation, mean, standard deviation, percentage, maximum and minimum value and ratios were applied to analyze the data. Results: Majority (45.8%) of the study patients reported that they got dengue infection at park/garden while a significantly lower portion (2.5%) of the respondents claimed to be infected at tourist spots. The most frequently used prevention measure by the households to protect the family members from infection was found to be insecticides aerosol spray (54.16%) followed by mosquito coils, mats, etc. (49.16%). A greater portion of the households reported that they chose these prevention measures due to their high effectiveness (46.67%) and convenient to use (42%). Conclusion: The findings of the study provide a detailed knowledge or insight about the sources of dengue infection and prevention measures used by the households in the district which might assist policy-makers in implementing more effective control strategies for the disease at district as well as national level.

AB - Background and Objective: Dengue illness is one of the most relevant public health problems in Malaysia. The incidence of dengue infection in the country has increased steadily during the last decade Seremban is one of the highly affected districts by dengue in the country. This study aims to identify the sources of dengue infection in Seremban district, Malaysia. The study also reveals the prevention practices used by the households to protect themselves from dengue infection. Materials and Methods: Structured interviews were conducted at household level in order to obtain primary data for the study. A total of 120 patients with confirmed dengue illness were enrolled in the study. Purposive random sampling method was applied to select the samples. Descriptive statistics viz. summation, mean, standard deviation, percentage, maximum and minimum value and ratios were applied to analyze the data. Results: Majority (45.8%) of the study patients reported that they got dengue infection at park/garden while a significantly lower portion (2.5%) of the respondents claimed to be infected at tourist spots. The most frequently used prevention measure by the households to protect the family members from infection was found to be insecticides aerosol spray (54.16%) followed by mosquito coils, mats, etc. (49.16%). A greater portion of the households reported that they chose these prevention measures due to their high effectiveness (46.67%) and convenient to use (42%). Conclusion: The findings of the study provide a detailed knowledge or insight about the sources of dengue infection and prevention measures used by the households in the district which might assist policy-makers in implementing more effective control strategies for the disease at district as well as national level.

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