Identification of risk factors for myopia questionnaire in the malay language among primary school children in Malaysia

I. Nur Liyana, Sharanjeet-Kaur, Saadah Mohamed Akhir, Mahadir Ahmad, O. Abdul Mutalib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to develop a questionnaire in Malay language for the identification of risk factors for myopia among primary school children aged 10 to 12 years old in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: The study commenced in October 2012 till Julai 2013 in two main phases. The first phase was a pilot study for the construction of questionnaire items by literature review and discussion with the experts. A total of 103 parents of primary school children were randomly selected to test the comprehensibility of the preliminary questionnaire. The second phase was the actual study which involved parents of 353 primary school children , 132 were parents whose children were myopes and 221 parents whose children were nonmyopes. Results: Discussions with experts in human vision science identified 5 main domains and 71 items for the preliminary questionnaire. A total of 55 items were retained for the actual study phase in view of statistically good correlation (r = 0.4 and above). Predictive validity by chi-square test allowed 28 items to be retained because of significant association with myopia (p <0.05). The correlation coefficient of testretest reliability result was considerably good (r = 0.765) and the validity in 2 categories of risk for myopia showed highly significant predictive validity of the questionnaire (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The developed Malay language questionnaire has good reliability and validity to identify the risk factors for myopia among primary school children in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-134
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Medical Journal Malaysia
Volume17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Myopia
Language
Parents
Reproducibility of Results
Chi-Square Distribution
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Myopia
  • Primary school children
  • Questionnaire development
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Identification of risk factors for myopia questionnaire in the malay language among primary school children in Malaysia. / Nur Liyana, I.; Sharanjeet-Kaur, ; Mohamed Akhir, Saadah; Ahmad, Mahadir; Abdul Mutalib, O.

In: International Medical Journal Malaysia, Vol. 17, No. 1, 01.04.2018, p. 127-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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