Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Rafflesia is a unique plant that produces the largest flowers in the world. It has a short blooming period of 6 to 7 days. Due to its rarity and limited accessibility, little is known about the growth and developmental process in the Rafflesia plant. In all plant species, auxin is the key hormone that is involved in growth and development. The auxin signal transduction involves members of the ARF transcription factor and AUX/IAA regulator families, which activate or inhibit the regulation of auxin response genes, thereby control the developmental process in plants. To gain a better understanding of molecular regulations in the Rafflesia plant development during flowering, members of the ARF and AUX/IAA gene families were identified from the transcriptome data of flower blooming stages in Rafflesia cantleyi. Based on Rafflesia unique transcripts (UTs) against the Arabidopsis TAIR database using BLASTX search, a total of nine UTs were identified as ARF transcription factors, while another seven UTs were identified as AUX/IAA regulators. These genes were found to be expressed in all three R. cantleyi flower stages i.e. days 1 (F1), 3 (F2), and 5 (F3). Gene expression analysis identified three genes that are differentially expressed in stage F1 vs. F2 i.e. IAA4 is upregulated while IAA8 and ARF3 are downregulated. These genes may be involved in the activation and/or inhibition of the auxin signal transduction pathway. Further analysis of these genes may unravel their function in the phenotypic development of the Rafflesia plant.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

auxins
genes
regulators
hormones
gene expression
activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Elias, N. A. M., Goh, H. H., Md Isa, N., & Wan, K. L. (2016). Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [020017] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966727

Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi. / Elias, Nur Atiqah Mohd; Goh, Hoe Han; Md Isa, Nurulhikma; Wan, Kiew Lian.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 020017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Elias, NAM, Goh, HH, Md Isa, N & Wan, KL 2016, Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 020017, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966727
Elias NAM, Goh HH, Md Isa N, Wan KL. Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 020017 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966727
Elias, Nur Atiqah Mohd ; Goh, Hoe Han ; Md Isa, Nurulhikma ; Wan, Kiew Lian. / Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
@inproceedings{62752d2dbf674f78a20e653647b73669,
title = "Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi",
abstract = "Rafflesia is a unique plant that produces the largest flowers in the world. It has a short blooming period of 6 to 7 days. Due to its rarity and limited accessibility, little is known about the growth and developmental process in the Rafflesia plant. In all plant species, auxin is the key hormone that is involved in growth and development. The auxin signal transduction involves members of the ARF transcription factor and AUX/IAA regulator families, which activate or inhibit the regulation of auxin response genes, thereby control the developmental process in plants. To gain a better understanding of molecular regulations in the Rafflesia plant development during flowering, members of the ARF and AUX/IAA gene families were identified from the transcriptome data of flower blooming stages in Rafflesia cantleyi. Based on Rafflesia unique transcripts (UTs) against the Arabidopsis TAIR database using BLASTX search, a total of nine UTs were identified as ARF transcription factors, while another seven UTs were identified as AUX/IAA regulators. These genes were found to be expressed in all three R. cantleyi flower stages i.e. days 1 (F1), 3 (F2), and 5 (F3). Gene expression analysis identified three genes that are differentially expressed in stage F1 vs. F2 i.e. IAA4 is upregulated while IAA8 and ARF3 are downregulated. These genes may be involved in the activation and/or inhibition of the auxin signal transduction pathway. Further analysis of these genes may unravel their function in the phenotypic development of the Rafflesia plant.",
author = "Elias, {Nur Atiqah Mohd} and Goh, {Hoe Han} and {Md Isa}, Nurulhikma and Wan, {Kiew Lian}",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1063/1.4966727",
language = "English",
volume = "1784",
booktitle = "2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Identification of ARF and AUX/IAA gene families in Rafflesia cantleyi

AU - Elias, Nur Atiqah Mohd

AU - Goh, Hoe Han

AU - Md Isa, Nurulhikma

AU - Wan, Kiew Lian

PY - 2016/11/17

Y1 - 2016/11/17

N2 - Rafflesia is a unique plant that produces the largest flowers in the world. It has a short blooming period of 6 to 7 days. Due to its rarity and limited accessibility, little is known about the growth and developmental process in the Rafflesia plant. In all plant species, auxin is the key hormone that is involved in growth and development. The auxin signal transduction involves members of the ARF transcription factor and AUX/IAA regulator families, which activate or inhibit the regulation of auxin response genes, thereby control the developmental process in plants. To gain a better understanding of molecular regulations in the Rafflesia plant development during flowering, members of the ARF and AUX/IAA gene families were identified from the transcriptome data of flower blooming stages in Rafflesia cantleyi. Based on Rafflesia unique transcripts (UTs) against the Arabidopsis TAIR database using BLASTX search, a total of nine UTs were identified as ARF transcription factors, while another seven UTs were identified as AUX/IAA regulators. These genes were found to be expressed in all three R. cantleyi flower stages i.e. days 1 (F1), 3 (F2), and 5 (F3). Gene expression analysis identified three genes that are differentially expressed in stage F1 vs. F2 i.e. IAA4 is upregulated while IAA8 and ARF3 are downregulated. These genes may be involved in the activation and/or inhibition of the auxin signal transduction pathway. Further analysis of these genes may unravel their function in the phenotypic development of the Rafflesia plant.

AB - Rafflesia is a unique plant that produces the largest flowers in the world. It has a short blooming period of 6 to 7 days. Due to its rarity and limited accessibility, little is known about the growth and developmental process in the Rafflesia plant. In all plant species, auxin is the key hormone that is involved in growth and development. The auxin signal transduction involves members of the ARF transcription factor and AUX/IAA regulator families, which activate or inhibit the regulation of auxin response genes, thereby control the developmental process in plants. To gain a better understanding of molecular regulations in the Rafflesia plant development during flowering, members of the ARF and AUX/IAA gene families were identified from the transcriptome data of flower blooming stages in Rafflesia cantleyi. Based on Rafflesia unique transcripts (UTs) against the Arabidopsis TAIR database using BLASTX search, a total of nine UTs were identified as ARF transcription factors, while another seven UTs were identified as AUX/IAA regulators. These genes were found to be expressed in all three R. cantleyi flower stages i.e. days 1 (F1), 3 (F2), and 5 (F3). Gene expression analysis identified three genes that are differentially expressed in stage F1 vs. F2 i.e. IAA4 is upregulated while IAA8 and ARF3 are downregulated. These genes may be involved in the activation and/or inhibition of the auxin signal transduction pathway. Further analysis of these genes may unravel their function in the phenotypic development of the Rafflesia plant.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014699829&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014699829&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4966727

DO - 10.1063/1.4966727

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85014699829

VL - 1784

BT - 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -