Hypocalcaemia and its contributing factors among first trimester pregnant women in an urban area in Malaysia

Noor Sharifatul Hana Yeop, Zaleha Md Isa, Khadijah Shamsuddin, Khor Geok Lin, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Haslinda Hassan, Hasanain Ghazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of hypocalcaemia among first-trimester pregnant women and its contributing factors. Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional study was carried out among first-trimester pregnant women who were recruited during their first antenatal visit. A total of 396 respondents of age 18-40 years completed the self-administered questionnaire (socio-demographic, socio-economic, obstetric information), validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for calcium (FFQ-calcium), anthropometric measurements (weight and height) and blood test for serum calcium during their first trimester. Findings: The prevalence of hypocalcaemia based on serum calcium level of less than 2.11 mmol/L was 26.0 per cent (n = 103). The median serum calcium level was 2.2 mmol/L (IQR, 25th and 75th percentile – 2.1 and 2.3, respectively). Milk intake of less than two glasses per day during pregnancy showed a twofold increase in developing hypocalcaemia (OR, 2.231; 95 per cent CI, 1.399, 3.588). Other than that, underweight (aOR, 2.038; 95 per cent SK, 1.088, 3.820) and obese before pregnancy (aOR, 1.954; 95 per cent SK, 1.007, 3.790) are also predictors of hypocalcaemia. Originality/value: The prevalence of hypocalcaemia among first-trimester pregnant women in this study was 26.0 per cent. Intake of two or more glasses of milk per day can help prevent hypocalcaemia at this stage of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalNutrition and Food Science
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

hypocalcemia
Hypocalcemia
Malaysia
pregnant women
First Pregnancy Trimester
urban areas
Pregnant Women
Calcium
calcium
pregnancy
Pregnancy
Glass
glass
Milk
Serum
underweight
hematologic tests
Thinness
milk consumption
food frequency questionnaires

Keywords

  • Hypocalcaemia
  • Malaysia
  • Milk intake
  • Pregnant women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Hypocalcaemia and its contributing factors among first trimester pregnant women in an urban area in Malaysia. / Yeop, Noor Sharifatul Hana; Md Isa, Zaleha; Shamsuddin, Khadijah; Lin, Khor Geok; Abdullah Mahdy, Zaleha; Hassan, Haslinda; Ghazi, Hasanain.

In: Nutrition and Food Science, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 165-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yeop, Noor Sharifatul Hana ; Md Isa, Zaleha ; Shamsuddin, Khadijah ; Lin, Khor Geok ; Abdullah Mahdy, Zaleha ; Hassan, Haslinda ; Ghazi, Hasanain. / Hypocalcaemia and its contributing factors among first trimester pregnant women in an urban area in Malaysia. In: Nutrition and Food Science. 2018 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 165-176.
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