Hydrothermally treated oil palm empty fruit bunch cellulose with urea and its dissolution in NaOH-Urea solvent system

Khairunnisa Waznah Baharin, Sarani Zakaria, Sinyee Gan, Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar, Chin Hua Chia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fiber was hydrothermally treated by using autoclave which is immersed in an oil bath at 160°C for 6 h. OPEFB cellulose was mixed with aqueous urea and stirred for 30 min to obtain a homogenous mixture before transferred into the autoclave. The effect of different cellulose to urea mass ratio (1:4, 1:6 and 1:8) on the molecular weight, degree of polymerization and solubility of the treated cellulose dissolved in NaOH and urea solvent system was studied. The result shows that the solubility of cellulose from OPEFB fiber increased while the molecular weight of cellulose decreased due to the pretreatment done on the OPEFB fiber.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

fruits
ureas
cellulose
dissolving
oils
autoclaves
fibers
molecular weight
solubility
mass ratios
pretreatment
baths
polymerization

Keywords

  • alkaline urea solvent
  • bleaching
  • Oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Baharin, K. W., Zakaria, S., Gan, S., Syed Jaafar, S. N., & Chia, C. H. (2016). Hydrothermally treated oil palm empty fruit bunch cellulose with urea and its dissolution in NaOH-Urea solvent system. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [040031] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966817

Hydrothermally treated oil palm empty fruit bunch cellulose with urea and its dissolution in NaOH-Urea solvent system. / Baharin, Khairunnisa Waznah; Zakaria, Sarani; Gan, Sinyee; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah; Chia, Chin Hua.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 040031.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Baharin, KW, Zakaria, S, Gan, S, Syed Jaafar, SN & Chia, CH 2016, Hydrothermally treated oil palm empty fruit bunch cellulose with urea and its dissolution in NaOH-Urea solvent system. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 040031, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966817
Baharin KW, Zakaria S, Gan S, Syed Jaafar SN, Chia CH. Hydrothermally treated oil palm empty fruit bunch cellulose with urea and its dissolution in NaOH-Urea solvent system. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 040031 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966817
Baharin, Khairunnisa Waznah ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Gan, Sinyee ; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah ; Chia, Chin Hua. / Hydrothermally treated oil palm empty fruit bunch cellulose with urea and its dissolution in NaOH-Urea solvent system. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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