Hydrolysis optimization and characterization study of preparing fatty acids from Jatropha curcas seed oil

Jumat Salimon, Bashar M. Abdullah, Nadia Salih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fatty acids (FAs) are important as raw materials for the biotechnology industry. Existing methods of FAs production are based on chemical methods. In this study potassium hydroxide (KOH)-catalyzed reactions were utilized to hydrolysis Jatropha curcas seed oil.Results: The parameters effect of ethanolic KOH concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time to free fatty acid (FFA%) were investigated using D-Optimal Design. Characterization of the product has been studied using Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The optimum conditions for maximum FFA% were achieved at 1.75M of ethanolic KOH concentration, 65°C of reaction temperature and 2.0 h of reaction time.Conclusions: This study showed that ethanolic KOH concentration was significant variable for J. curcas seed oil hydrolysis. In a 18-point experimental design, FFA% of hydrolyzed J. curcas seed oil can be raised from 1.89% to 102.2%, which proved by FTIR and HPLC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalChemistry Central Journal
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Oilseeds
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Hydrolysis
Fatty Acids
High performance liquid chromatography
Biotechnology
Gas chromatography
Design of experiments
Raw materials
Temperature
Industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Hydrolysis optimization and characterization study of preparing fatty acids from Jatropha curcas seed oil. / Salimon, Jumat; Abdullah, Bashar M.; Salih, Nadia.

In: Chemistry Central Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, 67, 01.11.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2f6ad8cde843480695bdf0b9c1aa64eb,
title = "Hydrolysis optimization and characterization study of preparing fatty acids from Jatropha curcas seed oil",
abstract = "Background: Fatty acids (FAs) are important as raw materials for the biotechnology industry. Existing methods of FAs production are based on chemical methods. In this study potassium hydroxide (KOH)-catalyzed reactions were utilized to hydrolysis Jatropha curcas seed oil.Results: The parameters effect of ethanolic KOH concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time to free fatty acid (FFA{\%}) were investigated using D-Optimal Design. Characterization of the product has been studied using Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The optimum conditions for maximum FFA{\%} were achieved at 1.75M of ethanolic KOH concentration, 65°C of reaction temperature and 2.0 h of reaction time.Conclusions: This study showed that ethanolic KOH concentration was significant variable for J. curcas seed oil hydrolysis. In a 18-point experimental design, FFA{\%} of hydrolyzed J. curcas seed oil can be raised from 1.89{\%} to 102.2{\%}, which proved by FTIR and HPLC.",
author = "Jumat Salimon and Abdullah, {Bashar M.} and Nadia Salih",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1186/1752-153X-5-67",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "Chemistry Central Journal",
issn = "1752-153X",
publisher = "Chemistry Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrolysis optimization and characterization study of preparing fatty acids from Jatropha curcas seed oil

AU - Salimon, Jumat

AU - Abdullah, Bashar M.

AU - Salih, Nadia

PY - 2011/11/1

Y1 - 2011/11/1

N2 - Background: Fatty acids (FAs) are important as raw materials for the biotechnology industry. Existing methods of FAs production are based on chemical methods. In this study potassium hydroxide (KOH)-catalyzed reactions were utilized to hydrolysis Jatropha curcas seed oil.Results: The parameters effect of ethanolic KOH concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time to free fatty acid (FFA%) were investigated using D-Optimal Design. Characterization of the product has been studied using Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The optimum conditions for maximum FFA% were achieved at 1.75M of ethanolic KOH concentration, 65°C of reaction temperature and 2.0 h of reaction time.Conclusions: This study showed that ethanolic KOH concentration was significant variable for J. curcas seed oil hydrolysis. In a 18-point experimental design, FFA% of hydrolyzed J. curcas seed oil can be raised from 1.89% to 102.2%, which proved by FTIR and HPLC.

AB - Background: Fatty acids (FAs) are important as raw materials for the biotechnology industry. Existing methods of FAs production are based on chemical methods. In this study potassium hydroxide (KOH)-catalyzed reactions were utilized to hydrolysis Jatropha curcas seed oil.Results: The parameters effect of ethanolic KOH concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time to free fatty acid (FFA%) were investigated using D-Optimal Design. Characterization of the product has been studied using Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The optimum conditions for maximum FFA% were achieved at 1.75M of ethanolic KOH concentration, 65°C of reaction temperature and 2.0 h of reaction time.Conclusions: This study showed that ethanolic KOH concentration was significant variable for J. curcas seed oil hydrolysis. In a 18-point experimental design, FFA% of hydrolyzed J. curcas seed oil can be raised from 1.89% to 102.2%, which proved by FTIR and HPLC.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80055064441&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80055064441&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1752-153X-5-67

DO - 10.1186/1752-153X-5-67

M3 - Article

VL - 5

JO - Chemistry Central Journal

JF - Chemistry Central Journal

SN - 1752-153X

IS - 1

M1 - 67

ER -