Hydrogen rate manipulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack using feedback control system

R. E. Rosli, Edy Herianto, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, S. A A Hamid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Control system design of PEMFC systems has been focused mostly on the electrical power side, where auxiliary battery or supercapacitor are connected either by direct parallel integration or with single, multiple or multi-input single output DC-DC converters, with the PEMFC left running at constant predetermined hydrogen flow rates. The control strategy is simply adapted to balance the voltage and power between the PEMFC stack and auxiliary power during start-ups and sudden power demands and the PEMFC stack is effectively left out of the control loop or in open loop. Peak power above the rated PEMFC power cannot be supplied on demand because of the inherent inability to supply more hydrogen fuel to the PEMFC stack. This paper presents a study on the design of the control system of an open cathode PEMFC stack that closes the loop of the feedback process control of the PEMFC by manipulating hydrogen flow rate to produce the required peak power and to reduce fuel wastage during low power demand. The Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) feedback control systems are implemented using National Instrument (NI) Data Acquisition (DAQ) devices powered by Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench (LabVIEW) because of their simplicity and customization flexibility for measuring, processing and recording of data. Test results on the control of a small PEMFC system show that the new control system performs better and reduce wastage compare to the previous open loop system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy
Pages553-557
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy, PECon 2012 - Kota Kinabalu
Duration: 2 Dec 20125 Dec 2012

Other

Other2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy, PECon 2012
CityKota Kinabalu
Period2/12/125/12/12

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Feedback control
Control systems
Hydrogen
Flow rate
Hydrogen fuels
DC-DC converters
Process control
Data acquisition
Cathodes
Systems analysis
Derivatives
Feedback
Electric potential
Processing

Keywords

  • Fuel cell
  • LabVIEW
  • National Instrument (NI)
  • PID
  • Power Controller

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Rosli, R. E., Herianto, E., Wan Daud, W. R., & Hamid, S. A. A. (2012). Hydrogen rate manipulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack using feedback control system. In PECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy (pp. 553-557). [6450275] https://doi.org/10.1109/PECon.2012.6450275

Hydrogen rate manipulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack using feedback control system. / Rosli, R. E.; Herianto, Edy; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Hamid, S. A A.

PECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy. 2012. p. 553-557 6450275.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Rosli, RE, Herianto, E, Wan Daud, WR & Hamid, SAA 2012, Hydrogen rate manipulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack using feedback control system. in PECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy., 6450275, pp. 553-557, 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy, PECon 2012, Kota Kinabalu, 2/12/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/PECon.2012.6450275
Rosli RE, Herianto E, Wan Daud WR, Hamid SAA. Hydrogen rate manipulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack using feedback control system. In PECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy. 2012. p. 553-557. 6450275 https://doi.org/10.1109/PECon.2012.6450275
Rosli, R. E. ; Herianto, Edy ; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli ; Hamid, S. A A. / Hydrogen rate manipulation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack using feedback control system. PECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy. 2012. pp. 553-557
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