Human health risk assessment of heavy metals in shellfish from Kudat, Sabah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Shellfish is likely to be contaminated with heavy metals brought about by various environmental factors such as climate change, bioaccumulation of environmental contaminants and imbalanced natural ecosystem. Methods: Shellfish were selected for heavy metal detection as they are mainly consumed by the locals in Kudat. Arsenic, Cadmium, Chromium, Nickel, and Plumbum (As, Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb) content in clam (Meretrix spp.), scallop (Amusium pleuronectes) and conch (Strombus canabrium) were determined by the US EPA 200.3 acid digestion method and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrophotometer (ICP-MS). Risk assessment was calculated to assess the total exposure of heavy metals among the population of Kudat. Results: Among all the heavy metals, studied, As was found to have the highest concentration and this was found in scallop with the concentration level being 18.93±5.30 μg/g compared to clam and conch. Estimated daily intake of the heavy metals by the population ranged from 0.60-6.82 g/ day/ kg for As, 0.02-1.58μg/day/kg for Cd, 0.37-0.94μg/day/kg for Cr, 0.16-0.61 g/day/ kg for Ni and 0.10-0.25μg/day/kg for Pb based on previous calculation to exposure. The hazard quotient of As and Cd in scallop was greater than 1.0. No acceptable exposure level for these shellfish has been previously reported. The rate of consumption of these metals did not exceed the standards prescribed in the Food Act 1983 and Food Regulations 1985. Conclusion: Based on this study, it is concluded that the exposure to heavy metals risk from the consumption of these shellfish among the population in Kudat, Sabah is at an acceptable level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-305
Number of pages5
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume22
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Shellfish
Malaysia
Borneo
shellfish
Heavy Metals
risk assessment
human health
heavy metals
Pectinidae
Health
scallops
Bivalvia
clams
Meretrix
Population
Pleuronectes
Flounder
Food
average daily intake
food law

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Kudat
  • Risk assessment
  • Shellfish

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Human health risk assessment of heavy metals in shellfish from Kudat, Sabah. / Sharif @ Mohd Sharif, Razinah; Chong, Elizabeth; Kok Meng, Chan.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.01.2016, p. 301-305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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