Housing infrastructure and quality of life of Orang Asli And Non-Orang Asli populations in Kuala Langat Selangor

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Abstract

We investigated the association between housing conditions with a primary focus on basic housing infrastructure and WHOQOL BREF score among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2014 and May 2015 among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations in Kuala Langat, Selangor. Sampling of the population was done through multistage sampling while eligible respondents participated conveniently. The socio-demographic information collected consisted of age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, and employment status. Basic housing infrastructure variables including the types of housing unit, wall construction material, availability and types of toilet, availability of electricity, source of water supply, and availability of garbage collection facilities were obtained. Among the Orang Asli respondents, having the pour type of toilet in the house was significantly (p=0.003) associated with a reduction in the physical health domain score by 0.36 (95% CI: -0.61,-0.12). Conversely, having no toilet in the house and living in a semi-detached house had significantly (p=0.023 and p=0.026 respectively) increased the social relationships domain score by 0.81 (CI: 0.11, 1.51) and 3.90 (CI: 0.47, 7.34) respectively. Unavailability of garbage disposal facilities was found to be significantly (p < 0.001) associated with a reduction in the environmental domain score by 0.70 (95% CI: -1.05, 0.35). This study have added to the evidence that housing programs of the Orang Asli population need to be further strengthened and supported by a range of policies and practices that address the critical intervention points for more potential health gains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-37
Number of pages10
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Quality of Life
Garbage
Population
Electricity
Educational Status
Water Supply
Health
Marital Status
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Basic amenities and infrastructure
  • Non-Orang Asli population
  • Orang Asli
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Housing infrastructure and quality of life of Orang Asli And Non-Orang Asli populations in Kuala Langat Selangor",
abstract = "We investigated the association between housing conditions with a primary focus on basic housing infrastructure and WHOQOL BREF score among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2014 and May 2015 among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations in Kuala Langat, Selangor. Sampling of the population was done through multistage sampling while eligible respondents participated conveniently. The socio-demographic information collected consisted of age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, and employment status. Basic housing infrastructure variables including the types of housing unit, wall construction material, availability and types of toilet, availability of electricity, source of water supply, and availability of garbage collection facilities were obtained. Among the Orang Asli respondents, having the pour type of toilet in the house was significantly (p=0.003) associated with a reduction in the physical health domain score by 0.36 (95{\%} CI: -0.61,-0.12). Conversely, having no toilet in the house and living in a semi-detached house had significantly (p=0.023 and p=0.026 respectively) increased the social relationships domain score by 0.81 (CI: 0.11, 1.51) and 3.90 (CI: 0.47, 7.34) respectively. Unavailability of garbage disposal facilities was found to be significantly (p < 0.001) associated with a reduction in the environmental domain score by 0.70 (95{\%} CI: -1.05, 0.35). This study have added to the evidence that housing programs of the Orang Asli population need to be further strengthened and supported by a range of policies and practices that address the critical intervention points for more potential health gains.",
keywords = "Basic amenities and infrastructure, Non-Orang Asli population, Orang Asli, Quality of life",
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AU - Ahmad, Norfazilah

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N2 - We investigated the association between housing conditions with a primary focus on basic housing infrastructure and WHOQOL BREF score among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2014 and May 2015 among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations in Kuala Langat, Selangor. Sampling of the population was done through multistage sampling while eligible respondents participated conveniently. The socio-demographic information collected consisted of age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, and employment status. Basic housing infrastructure variables including the types of housing unit, wall construction material, availability and types of toilet, availability of electricity, source of water supply, and availability of garbage collection facilities were obtained. Among the Orang Asli respondents, having the pour type of toilet in the house was significantly (p=0.003) associated with a reduction in the physical health domain score by 0.36 (95% CI: -0.61,-0.12). Conversely, having no toilet in the house and living in a semi-detached house had significantly (p=0.023 and p=0.026 respectively) increased the social relationships domain score by 0.81 (CI: 0.11, 1.51) and 3.90 (CI: 0.47, 7.34) respectively. Unavailability of garbage disposal facilities was found to be significantly (p < 0.001) associated with a reduction in the environmental domain score by 0.70 (95% CI: -1.05, 0.35). This study have added to the evidence that housing programs of the Orang Asli population need to be further strengthened and supported by a range of policies and practices that address the critical intervention points for more potential health gains.

AB - We investigated the association between housing conditions with a primary focus on basic housing infrastructure and WHOQOL BREF score among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2014 and May 2015 among the Orang Asli and non-Orang Asli populations in Kuala Langat, Selangor. Sampling of the population was done through multistage sampling while eligible respondents participated conveniently. The socio-demographic information collected consisted of age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, and employment status. Basic housing infrastructure variables including the types of housing unit, wall construction material, availability and types of toilet, availability of electricity, source of water supply, and availability of garbage collection facilities were obtained. Among the Orang Asli respondents, having the pour type of toilet in the house was significantly (p=0.003) associated with a reduction in the physical health domain score by 0.36 (95% CI: -0.61,-0.12). Conversely, having no toilet in the house and living in a semi-detached house had significantly (p=0.023 and p=0.026 respectively) increased the social relationships domain score by 0.81 (CI: 0.11, 1.51) and 3.90 (CI: 0.47, 7.34) respectively. Unavailability of garbage disposal facilities was found to be significantly (p < 0.001) associated with a reduction in the environmental domain score by 0.70 (95% CI: -1.05, 0.35). This study have added to the evidence that housing programs of the Orang Asli population need to be further strengthened and supported by a range of policies and practices that address the critical intervention points for more potential health gains.

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