Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children

Norhayati Moktar, P. Oothuman, M. S. Fatmah, Y. Muzain Minudin, B. Zainuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In hookworm endemic areas where sanitation is often wanting, reinfection of treated children is a problem. This study was conducted to enumerate the prevalence and the reinfection rate of hookworm in 193 Orang Asli children following treatment with stat dose of 400 mg of albendazole at 2 and 4 months post-treatment. All samples were examined using the Kato-Katz and Harada Mori techniques. The overall initial prevalence was 31.0%, with 27.0% in males and 34.0% in females although there was no statistical, difference. Only 7.0% of the children had moderate intensity of infection. The overall infection rate at 2 and 4 months post-treatment was 11.0% and 8.0%. New cases were detected at 1.0% and 5.0% at 2 and 4 months post-treatment period. Reinfection rate 2 months post-treatment was 24.0%, and it was 30.0%, 4 months after treatment. All infection at 2 and 4 months post-treatment were light. Long term strategies incorporating health education on personal hygiene, provision of toilets and safe water supply need to be adopted in these Orang Asli villages to control rapid reinfection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-319
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume50
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Hookworm Infections
Ancylostomatoidea
Therapeutics
Infection
Morus
Albendazole
Sanitation
Water Supply
Hygiene
Health Education
Light

Keywords

  • albendazole
  • hookworm
  • Necator americanus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Moktar, N., Oothuman, P., Fatmah, M. S., Muzain Minudin, Y., & Zainuddin, B. (1995). Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 50(4), 314-319.

Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children. / Moktar, Norhayati; Oothuman, P.; Fatmah, M. S.; Muzain Minudin, Y.; Zainuddin, B.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1995, p. 314-319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moktar, N, Oothuman, P, Fatmah, MS, Muzain Minudin, Y & Zainuddin, B 1995, 'Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children', Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 314-319.
Moktar N, Oothuman P, Fatmah MS, Muzain Minudin Y, Zainuddin B. Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children. Medical Journal of Malaysia. 1995;50(4):314-319.
Moktar, Norhayati ; Oothuman, P. ; Fatmah, M. S. ; Muzain Minudin, Y. ; Zainuddin, B. / Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children. In: Medical Journal of Malaysia. 1995 ; Vol. 50, No. 4. pp. 314-319.
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