High performance of a carbon monoxide sensor based on a Pd-doped graphene-tin oxide nanostructure composite

Aminuddin Debataraja, Ni Luh Wulan Septiani, Brian Yuliarto, Nugraha, Bambang Sunendar, Huda Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The polyol method has been employed to fabricate a palladium-doped graphene-tin oxide composite as a highly sensitive and selective carbon monoxide gas sensor. The ratio of graphene-SnO 2 which is used in this research is 1:1, while the concentration of Pd doping is varied at 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1%. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) have been used to analyze crystallinity and morphology of all samples. Thick-film Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 has been fabricated using the spin-coating method on an alumina substrate. Investigation of the effect of Pd doping on a 30-ppm CO sensor shows increasing response from 88.11 to 92.99% after adding 0.1% Pd at a working temperature of 150 °C. At 50 °C, responses of the composite graphene-SnO 2 with 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% Pd are 19.32%, 32.00%, and 24%, respectively. While at 250 °C, sensor responses of graphene-SnO 2 composites with 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% Pd are 99.89%, 92.93%, and 75.06%, respectively. Among the samples, the 0.1% Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows the highest response; as a result, 0.1% Pd becomes the optimum concentration of Pd doping. Moreover, the 0.1% Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows good sensor sensitivity at 1.73%/ppm and great selectivity toward CO gas.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIonics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Graphite
Carbon Monoxide
Tin oxides
Carbon monoxide
carbon monoxide
Graphene
tin oxides
Nanostructures
graphene
composite materials
sensors
Sensors
Composite materials
Doping (additives)
Electron microscopes
electron microscopes
Aluminum Oxide
Polyols
Spin coating
Palladium

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Gas sensor
  • Graphene
  • Nanostructure
  • Palladium noble metal
  • Tin oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

High performance of a carbon monoxide sensor based on a Pd-doped graphene-tin oxide nanostructure composite. / Debataraja, Aminuddin; Septiani, Ni Luh Wulan; Yuliarto, Brian; Nugraha; Sunendar, Bambang; Abdullah, Huda.

In: Ionics, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Debataraja, Aminuddin ; Septiani, Ni Luh Wulan ; Yuliarto, Brian ; Nugraha ; Sunendar, Bambang ; Abdullah, Huda. / High performance of a carbon monoxide sensor based on a Pd-doped graphene-tin oxide nanostructure composite. In: Ionics. 2019.
@article{33a9f2347a004c9eb7df9154ed67111d,
title = "High performance of a carbon monoxide sensor based on a Pd-doped graphene-tin oxide nanostructure composite",
abstract = "The polyol method has been employed to fabricate a palladium-doped graphene-tin oxide composite as a highly sensitive and selective carbon monoxide gas sensor. The ratio of graphene-SnO 2 which is used in this research is 1:1, while the concentration of Pd doping is varied at 0.1{\%}, 0.5{\%}, and 1{\%}. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) have been used to analyze crystallinity and morphology of all samples. Thick-film Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 has been fabricated using the spin-coating method on an alumina substrate. Investigation of the effect of Pd doping on a 30-ppm CO sensor shows increasing response from 88.11 to 92.99{\%} after adding 0.1{\%} Pd at a working temperature of 150 °C. At 50 °C, responses of the composite graphene-SnO 2 with 0.1{\%}, 0.5{\%}, and 1{\%} Pd are 19.32{\%}, 32.00{\%}, and 24{\%}, respectively. While at 250 °C, sensor responses of graphene-SnO 2 composites with 0.1{\%}, 0.5{\%}, and 1{\%} Pd are 99.89{\%}, 92.93{\%}, and 75.06{\%}, respectively. Among the samples, the 0.1{\%} Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows the highest response; as a result, 0.1{\%} Pd becomes the optimum concentration of Pd doping. Moreover, the 0.1{\%} Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows good sensor sensitivity at 1.73{\%}/ppm and great selectivity toward CO gas.",
keywords = "Carbon monoxide, Gas sensor, Graphene, Nanostructure, Palladium noble metal, Tin oxide",
author = "Aminuddin Debataraja and Septiani, {Ni Luh Wulan} and Brian Yuliarto and Nugraha and Bambang Sunendar and Huda Abdullah",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11581-019-02967-w",
language = "English",
journal = "Ionics",
issn = "0947-7047",
publisher = "Institute for Ionics",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High performance of a carbon monoxide sensor based on a Pd-doped graphene-tin oxide nanostructure composite

AU - Debataraja, Aminuddin

AU - Septiani, Ni Luh Wulan

AU - Yuliarto, Brian

AU - Nugraha,

AU - Sunendar, Bambang

AU - Abdullah, Huda

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The polyol method has been employed to fabricate a palladium-doped graphene-tin oxide composite as a highly sensitive and selective carbon monoxide gas sensor. The ratio of graphene-SnO 2 which is used in this research is 1:1, while the concentration of Pd doping is varied at 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1%. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) have been used to analyze crystallinity and morphology of all samples. Thick-film Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 has been fabricated using the spin-coating method on an alumina substrate. Investigation of the effect of Pd doping on a 30-ppm CO sensor shows increasing response from 88.11 to 92.99% after adding 0.1% Pd at a working temperature of 150 °C. At 50 °C, responses of the composite graphene-SnO 2 with 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% Pd are 19.32%, 32.00%, and 24%, respectively. While at 250 °C, sensor responses of graphene-SnO 2 composites with 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% Pd are 99.89%, 92.93%, and 75.06%, respectively. Among the samples, the 0.1% Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows the highest response; as a result, 0.1% Pd becomes the optimum concentration of Pd doping. Moreover, the 0.1% Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows good sensor sensitivity at 1.73%/ppm and great selectivity toward CO gas.

AB - The polyol method has been employed to fabricate a palladium-doped graphene-tin oxide composite as a highly sensitive and selective carbon monoxide gas sensor. The ratio of graphene-SnO 2 which is used in this research is 1:1, while the concentration of Pd doping is varied at 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1%. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) have been used to analyze crystallinity and morphology of all samples. Thick-film Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 has been fabricated using the spin-coating method on an alumina substrate. Investigation of the effect of Pd doping on a 30-ppm CO sensor shows increasing response from 88.11 to 92.99% after adding 0.1% Pd at a working temperature of 150 °C. At 50 °C, responses of the composite graphene-SnO 2 with 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% Pd are 19.32%, 32.00%, and 24%, respectively. While at 250 °C, sensor responses of graphene-SnO 2 composites with 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% Pd are 99.89%, 92.93%, and 75.06%, respectively. Among the samples, the 0.1% Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows the highest response; as a result, 0.1% Pd becomes the optimum concentration of Pd doping. Moreover, the 0.1% Pd-doped graphene-SnO 2 composite shows good sensor sensitivity at 1.73%/ppm and great selectivity toward CO gas.

KW - Carbon monoxide

KW - Gas sensor

KW - Graphene

KW - Nanostructure

KW - Palladium noble metal

KW - Tin oxide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065295901&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065295901&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11581-019-02967-w

DO - 10.1007/s11581-019-02967-w

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065295901

JO - Ionics

JF - Ionics

SN - 0947-7047

ER -