High and low body temperature during the initiation of ventilation for near-term lambs

Molly K. Ball, Alan H. Jobe, Graeme R. Polglase, Suhas G. Kallapur, Cheah Fook Choe, Noah H. Hillman, Jane J. Pillow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Recent literature suggests hypothermia may protect against lung injury. We evaluated body temperature as a variable in lung inflammation due to oxygenation and mechanical ventilation following delivery of near-term lambs. Methods: Twin fetuses were randomized prior to delivery at 140 d GA (term 150 d): unventilated controls, normothermic ventilated with room air, normothermic ventilated with 100% oxygen, low temperature ventilated (target 35 °C) with 100% oxygen, and high temperature (target 40 °C) with 100% oxygen. Lambs were intubated for gentle mechanical ventilation (tidal volume 7-8 ml/kg). Temperature targeting was with radiant warmers and plastic wrap for normothermia, with heat lamps for hyperthermia, and with ice packs for hypothermia. Lambs were euthanized after 2 h mechanical ventilation. Post-mortem, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue samples were evaluated for inflammatory responses by measuring inflammatory cell counts, protein, myeloperoxidase, protein carbonyl, and pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA. Results: Target temperatures were achieved by 30 min of age and tightly maintained for the 2 h study. There were no differences in physiologic variables among groups except those directly resulting from study protocol-PaO2 from air vs. 100% oxygen and body temperature. Indicators of inflammation increased similarly in all ventilated groups compared to unventilated controls. Conclusion: Moderate hyperthermia or hypothermia did not affect lung injury responses to the initiation of ventilation at birth in near-term lambs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalResuscitation
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Body Temperature
Ventilation
Hypothermia
Artificial Respiration
Oxygen
Temperature
Lung Injury
Fever
Air
Tidal Volume
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Ice
Peroxidase
Plastics
Pneumonia
Proteins
Fetus
Cell Count
Hot Temperature
Parturition

Keywords

  • Hypothermia
  • Inflammatory response
  • Lung
  • Neonatal resuscitation
  • Oxygen
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Ball, M. K., Jobe, A. H., Polglase, G. R., Kallapur, S. G., Fook Choe, C., Hillman, N. H., & Pillow, J. J. (2009). High and low body temperature during the initiation of ventilation for near-term lambs. Resuscitation, 80(1), 133-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2008.10.007

High and low body temperature during the initiation of ventilation for near-term lambs. / Ball, Molly K.; Jobe, Alan H.; Polglase, Graeme R.; Kallapur, Suhas G.; Fook Choe, Cheah; Hillman, Noah H.; Pillow, Jane J.

In: Resuscitation, Vol. 80, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 133-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ball, MK, Jobe, AH, Polglase, GR, Kallapur, SG, Fook Choe, C, Hillman, NH & Pillow, JJ 2009, 'High and low body temperature during the initiation of ventilation for near-term lambs', Resuscitation, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 133-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2008.10.007
Ball, Molly K. ; Jobe, Alan H. ; Polglase, Graeme R. ; Kallapur, Suhas G. ; Fook Choe, Cheah ; Hillman, Noah H. ; Pillow, Jane J. / High and low body temperature during the initiation of ventilation for near-term lambs. In: Resuscitation. 2009 ; Vol. 80, No. 1. pp. 133-137.
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