Heat Transfer Enhancement for PCM Thermal Energy Storage in Triplex Tube Heat Exchanger

Abduljalil Al-Abidi, Sohif Mat, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Yusof Sulaiman, Abdulrahman Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal energy storage is critical for reducing the discrepancy between energy supply and energy demand, as well as for improving the efficiency of solar thermal energy systems. Among the different types of thermal energy storage, phase-change materials (PCM) thermal energy storage has gained significant attention recently because of its high energy density per unit mass/volume at nearly constant temperature. This study experimentally investigates the using of a triplex tube heat exchanger (TTHX) with PCM in the middle tube as the thermal energy storage to power a liquid desiccant air-conditioning system. Four longitudinal fins were welded to each of the inner and middle tubes as a heat transfer enhancement in the TTHX to improve the thermal performance of the thermal energy storage. The average temperature of the PCM during the melting process in the TTHX with and without fins was compared. The PCM temperature gradients in the angular direction were analyzed to study the effect of the natural convection in the melting process of the thermal storage. The energy storage efficiency of the TTHX was determined. Results indicated that there was a considerable enhancement in the melting rate by using fins in the TTHX thermal storage. The PCM melting time is reduced to 86% by increasing of the inlet heat transfer fluid. The average heat storage efficiency calculated from experimental data for all the PCMs is 71.8%, meaning that 28.2% of the heat actually was lost.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHeat Transfer Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Nov 2015

Fingerprint

tube heat exchangers
heat storage
phase change materials
Phase change materials
Tubes (components)
Thermal energy
Energy storage
heat transfer
Heat transfer
augmentation
Melting
fins
melting
Hygroscopic Agents
desiccants
tubes
air conditioning
Heat storage
Pulse code modulation
energy storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Heat Transfer Enhancement for PCM Thermal Energy Storage in Triplex Tube Heat Exchanger. / Al-Abidi, Abduljalil; Mat, Sohif; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Sulaiman, Yusof; Mohammad, Abdulrahman.

In: Heat Transfer Engineering, 15.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{85330f07f18340459589e5ad1717b44c,
title = "Heat Transfer Enhancement for PCM Thermal Energy Storage in Triplex Tube Heat Exchanger",
abstract = "Thermal energy storage is critical for reducing the discrepancy between energy supply and energy demand, as well as for improving the efficiency of solar thermal energy systems. Among the different types of thermal energy storage, phase-change materials (PCM) thermal energy storage has gained significant attention recently because of its high energy density per unit mass/volume at nearly constant temperature. This study experimentally investigates the using of a triplex tube heat exchanger (TTHX) with PCM in the middle tube as the thermal energy storage to power a liquid desiccant air-conditioning system. Four longitudinal fins were welded to each of the inner and middle tubes as a heat transfer enhancement in the TTHX to improve the thermal performance of the thermal energy storage. The average temperature of the PCM during the melting process in the TTHX with and without fins was compared. The PCM temperature gradients in the angular direction were analyzed to study the effect of the natural convection in the melting process of the thermal storage. The energy storage efficiency of the TTHX was determined. Results indicated that there was a considerable enhancement in the melting rate by using fins in the TTHX thermal storage. The PCM melting time is reduced to 86{\%} by increasing of the inlet heat transfer fluid. The average heat storage efficiency calculated from experimental data for all the PCMs is 71.8{\%}, meaning that 28.2{\%} of the heat actually was lost.",
author = "Abduljalil Al-Abidi and Sohif Mat and Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Yusof Sulaiman and Abdulrahman Mohammad",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1080/01457632.2015.1067090",
language = "English",
journal = "Heat Transfer Engineering",
issn = "0145-7632",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heat Transfer Enhancement for PCM Thermal Energy Storage in Triplex Tube Heat Exchanger

AU - Al-Abidi, Abduljalil

AU - Mat, Sohif

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Sulaiman, Yusof

AU - Mohammad, Abdulrahman

PY - 2015/11/15

Y1 - 2015/11/15

N2 - Thermal energy storage is critical for reducing the discrepancy between energy supply and energy demand, as well as for improving the efficiency of solar thermal energy systems. Among the different types of thermal energy storage, phase-change materials (PCM) thermal energy storage has gained significant attention recently because of its high energy density per unit mass/volume at nearly constant temperature. This study experimentally investigates the using of a triplex tube heat exchanger (TTHX) with PCM in the middle tube as the thermal energy storage to power a liquid desiccant air-conditioning system. Four longitudinal fins were welded to each of the inner and middle tubes as a heat transfer enhancement in the TTHX to improve the thermal performance of the thermal energy storage. The average temperature of the PCM during the melting process in the TTHX with and without fins was compared. The PCM temperature gradients in the angular direction were analyzed to study the effect of the natural convection in the melting process of the thermal storage. The energy storage efficiency of the TTHX was determined. Results indicated that there was a considerable enhancement in the melting rate by using fins in the TTHX thermal storage. The PCM melting time is reduced to 86% by increasing of the inlet heat transfer fluid. The average heat storage efficiency calculated from experimental data for all the PCMs is 71.8%, meaning that 28.2% of the heat actually was lost.

AB - Thermal energy storage is critical for reducing the discrepancy between energy supply and energy demand, as well as for improving the efficiency of solar thermal energy systems. Among the different types of thermal energy storage, phase-change materials (PCM) thermal energy storage has gained significant attention recently because of its high energy density per unit mass/volume at nearly constant temperature. This study experimentally investigates the using of a triplex tube heat exchanger (TTHX) with PCM in the middle tube as the thermal energy storage to power a liquid desiccant air-conditioning system. Four longitudinal fins were welded to each of the inner and middle tubes as a heat transfer enhancement in the TTHX to improve the thermal performance of the thermal energy storage. The average temperature of the PCM during the melting process in the TTHX with and without fins was compared. The PCM temperature gradients in the angular direction were analyzed to study the effect of the natural convection in the melting process of the thermal storage. The energy storage efficiency of the TTHX was determined. Results indicated that there was a considerable enhancement in the melting rate by using fins in the TTHX thermal storage. The PCM melting time is reduced to 86% by increasing of the inlet heat transfer fluid. The average heat storage efficiency calculated from experimental data for all the PCMs is 71.8%, meaning that 28.2% of the heat actually was lost.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84946943905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84946943905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01457632.2015.1067090

DO - 10.1080/01457632.2015.1067090

M3 - Article

JO - Heat Transfer Engineering

JF - Heat Transfer Engineering

SN - 0145-7632

ER -