Health needs assessment of older people in an agricultural plantation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) is a unique palm oil and rubber plantation settlement in the rural areas of Malaysia occupied by the land settlers who are now in their old age. Their health needs may be different from other agricultural workers in the world. The aim of the study was to conduct health needs assessment to identify health priorities of the older people in FELDA, based on the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines. Methods: A sample of 162 older Malays aged 60-80 years from FELDA settlement volunteered to participate in the study. Data include information on health, cognitive, psychosocial, nutrition, and food intake using standard questionnaires. Cognitive tests were administered, and measurement of body composition and food intake were taken. Results: The results showed that the main factors influencing health functioning of the older people of FELDA according to the priorities were as follows: (1) psychological factors, (2) nutritional factors, (3) social factors, (4) health conditions, (5) access to health services and functional status, (6) lifestyles factors, (7) biological factors, (8) socioeconomic factors, and (9) cognitive factors. Conclusion: Psychological factors had the main influence on health functioning of the older people of FELDA. Physical health needs of the older people in FELDA were determined mainly by psychological, nutritional, and lifestyle factors, whereas mental health needs were determined mainly by psychological, socioeconomic, and social factors. FELDA has vast resources to utilize for the running and maintaining of health programs for their older people as well as for evaluating and monitoring the effectiveness of health programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gerontology
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Needs Assessment
Health
Psychology
Life Style
Eating
Health Priorities
Malaysia
Rubber
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Program Evaluation
Biological Factors
Body Composition
Health Services
Mental Health
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Health conditions
  • Health determinants
  • Mental functioning
  • Older people
  • Physical functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

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title = "Health needs assessment of older people in an agricultural plantation",
abstract = "Background: Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) is a unique palm oil and rubber plantation settlement in the rural areas of Malaysia occupied by the land settlers who are now in their old age. Their health needs may be different from other agricultural workers in the world. The aim of the study was to conduct health needs assessment to identify health priorities of the older people in FELDA, based on the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines. Methods: A sample of 162 older Malays aged 60-80 years from FELDA settlement volunteered to participate in the study. Data include information on health, cognitive, psychosocial, nutrition, and food intake using standard questionnaires. Cognitive tests were administered, and measurement of body composition and food intake were taken. Results: The results showed that the main factors influencing health functioning of the older people of FELDA according to the priorities were as follows: (1) psychological factors, (2) nutritional factors, (3) social factors, (4) health conditions, (5) access to health services and functional status, (6) lifestyles factors, (7) biological factors, (8) socioeconomic factors, and (9) cognitive factors. Conclusion: Psychological factors had the main influence on health functioning of the older people of FELDA. Physical health needs of the older people in FELDA were determined mainly by psychological, nutritional, and lifestyle factors, whereas mental health needs were determined mainly by psychological, socioeconomic, and social factors. FELDA has vast resources to utilize for the running and maintaining of health programs for their older people as well as for evaluating and monitoring the effectiveness of health programs.",
keywords = "Health conditions, Health determinants, Mental functioning, Older people, Physical functioning",
author = "{Che Din}, Normah and Ghazali, {Shazli Ezzat} and Norhayati Ibrahim and Mahadir Ahmad and Zaini Said and Ghazali, {Ahmad Rohi} and Rosdinom Razali and Suzana Shahar",
year = "2014",
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language = "English",
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pages = "120--126",
journal = "International Journal of Gerontology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Health needs assessment of older people in an agricultural plantation

AU - Che Din, Normah

AU - Ghazali, Shazli Ezzat

AU - Ibrahim, Norhayati

AU - Ahmad, Mahadir

AU - Said, Zaini

AU - Ghazali, Ahmad Rohi

AU - Razali, Rosdinom

AU - Shahar, Suzana

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) is a unique palm oil and rubber plantation settlement in the rural areas of Malaysia occupied by the land settlers who are now in their old age. Their health needs may be different from other agricultural workers in the world. The aim of the study was to conduct health needs assessment to identify health priorities of the older people in FELDA, based on the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines. Methods: A sample of 162 older Malays aged 60-80 years from FELDA settlement volunteered to participate in the study. Data include information on health, cognitive, psychosocial, nutrition, and food intake using standard questionnaires. Cognitive tests were administered, and measurement of body composition and food intake were taken. Results: The results showed that the main factors influencing health functioning of the older people of FELDA according to the priorities were as follows: (1) psychological factors, (2) nutritional factors, (3) social factors, (4) health conditions, (5) access to health services and functional status, (6) lifestyles factors, (7) biological factors, (8) socioeconomic factors, and (9) cognitive factors. Conclusion: Psychological factors had the main influence on health functioning of the older people of FELDA. Physical health needs of the older people in FELDA were determined mainly by psychological, nutritional, and lifestyle factors, whereas mental health needs were determined mainly by psychological, socioeconomic, and social factors. FELDA has vast resources to utilize for the running and maintaining of health programs for their older people as well as for evaluating and monitoring the effectiveness of health programs.

AB - Background: Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) is a unique palm oil and rubber plantation settlement in the rural areas of Malaysia occupied by the land settlers who are now in their old age. Their health needs may be different from other agricultural workers in the world. The aim of the study was to conduct health needs assessment to identify health priorities of the older people in FELDA, based on the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines. Methods: A sample of 162 older Malays aged 60-80 years from FELDA settlement volunteered to participate in the study. Data include information on health, cognitive, psychosocial, nutrition, and food intake using standard questionnaires. Cognitive tests were administered, and measurement of body composition and food intake were taken. Results: The results showed that the main factors influencing health functioning of the older people of FELDA according to the priorities were as follows: (1) psychological factors, (2) nutritional factors, (3) social factors, (4) health conditions, (5) access to health services and functional status, (6) lifestyles factors, (7) biological factors, (8) socioeconomic factors, and (9) cognitive factors. Conclusion: Psychological factors had the main influence on health functioning of the older people of FELDA. Physical health needs of the older people in FELDA were determined mainly by psychological, nutritional, and lifestyle factors, whereas mental health needs were determined mainly by psychological, socioeconomic, and social factors. FELDA has vast resources to utilize for the running and maintaining of health programs for their older people as well as for evaluating and monitoring the effectiveness of health programs.

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KW - Health determinants

KW - Mental functioning

KW - Older people

KW - Physical functioning

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DO - 10.1016/j.ijge.2013.12.003

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JO - International Journal of Gerontology

JF - International Journal of Gerontology

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