Hazard assessment for hazardous air pollutants from petroleum refinery operations using multi-country regulatory databases

Maihani Ismail, Salmaan Hussain Inayat Hussain, Minoru Yoneda, Mohd Talib Latif

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study aims to facilitate the prioritization of hazardous air pollutants potentially emitted from petroleum refinery operations based on their carcinogenicity (C), mutagenicity (M) and reproductive toxicity (R) through hazard assessment using multi-country governmental regulatory databases. 176 hazardous air pollutants which were reported as being emitted by petroleum refineries were initially selected for hazard analysis. CMR classification for these pollutants were obtained from PETRONAS SHIELD system as well as country databases, which includes hazard classifications based on the United Nations Globally Harmonised System from Australia, China, Europe, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, and Turkey. The most stringent classifications were assigned should there be discordance in classifications across the country databases. A scoring system that yields a maximum total score of 60 if all CMR were Category 1A and a minimum score of 0 if none of the hazards were classified was applied to quantitatively rank the pollutants. Among the countries, Japan and South Korea have the highest number of classified hazardous air pollutants across C/M/R. 121 pollutants (68.8%) have C/M/R classification or their combinations. 68 pollutants have classification for C, 40 for M and 51 for R. Vast difference in CMR classifications can be observed between the countries, with 12 pollutants’ classification ranged between 2 (suspected human C/M/R agent) to 1A (known human C/M/R agent). 18 HAP scored between 40-60, with Benzene topping the list with maximum score of 60, followed by Benzo(a)pyrene, 1,3-Butadiene, Arsenic and Cadmium.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationAsia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781613996546
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
EventSPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 23 Apr 201924 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019

Conference

ConferenceSPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period23/4/1924/4/19

Fingerprint

Petroleum refineries
Air Pollutants
Petroleum
Hazards
Databases
Air
Republic of Korea
Japan
Myanmar
United Nations
Benzo(a)pyrene
Malaysia
Pyrene
Arsenic
Turkey
Benzene
Butadiene
Cadmium
New Zealand
Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Ismail, M., Hussain, S. H. I., Yoneda, M., & Latif, M. T. (2019). Hazard assessment for hazardous air pollutants from petroleum refinery operations using multi-country regulatory databases. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019 (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019). Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Hazard assessment for hazardous air pollutants from petroleum refinery operations using multi-country regulatory databases. / Ismail, Maihani; Hussain, Salmaan Hussain Inayat; Yoneda, Minoru; Latif, Mohd Talib.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2019. (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ismail, M, Hussain, SHI, Yoneda, M & Latif, MT 2019, Hazard assessment for hazardous air pollutants from petroleum refinery operations using multi-country regulatory databases. in Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019, Society of Petroleum Engineers, SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 23/4/19.
Ismail M, Hussain SHI, Yoneda M, Latif MT. Hazard assessment for hazardous air pollutants from petroleum refinery operations using multi-country regulatory databases. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2019. (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019).
Ismail, Maihani ; Hussain, Salmaan Hussain Inayat ; Yoneda, Minoru ; Latif, Mohd Talib. / Hazard assessment for hazardous air pollutants from petroleum refinery operations using multi-country regulatory databases. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2019. (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility 2019).
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