Groundwater investigation in Kuala Selangor using vertical electrical sounding (VES) surveys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Integrated geoelectrical and hydrochemical surveys were used to investigate and delineate different types of groundwater in the Kuala Selangor alluvial aquifer. Previous hydrogeological borehole investigation showed that this aquifer contains several types of groundwater in relation to its salinity. The high salinity of the groundwater in some areas is believed to be due to either saltwater intrusion from the nearby sea or river infiltration during high tide season. The vertical electrical sounding (VES) method was employed to study and map the subsurface variation of resistivity in the area. For each sounding measurement, a total spread length of 300 m was obtained with a vertical depth penetration of about 60 to 75 m. Chemical analysis of the groundwater samples taken from both shallow and deep boreholes was carried out for the water quality determination. A total of 45 VES stations were succesfully established along three parallel roads with a direction almost perpendicular to the coastal line. The distance between stations varies from 1 to 2 km with a maximum length of about 60 km surveyed line. Results of the vertical electrical soundings as well as the hydrochemistry of the groundwater samples show that the soil and groundwater in the study area can be grouped into fresh and brackish water zones. The subsurface resisitivity sections derived from the VES study suggest that the area is dominated by brackish soil and groundwater zones, especially in the area towards the coast. This result appears to agree well with the groundwater pumped from boreholes scattered around in the area. Water drawn from boreholes near the coast showed higher salinity compared to the water pumped from inland boreholes. Chloride values greater than 250 mg/L are considered to represent the brackish zones whilst values less than 250 mg/L represents zones of fresh soil and groundwater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1349-1359
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Geology
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

Fingerprint

vertical electrical sounding
Groundwater
groundwater
Boreholes
borehole
salinity
Aquifers
Soils
aquifers
Coastal zones
Hydrochemistry
aquifer
saltwater intrusion
coasts
Water
soil
saline intrusion
hydrochemistry
coast
Tides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Groundwater investigation in Kuala Selangor using vertical electrical sounding (VES) surveys. / Hamzah, Umar; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim; Malim, Edna Pilis.

In: Environmental Geology, Vol. 51, No. 8, 02.2007, p. 1349-1359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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