Gross anatomy and histology of alimentary system of stick insect, pylaemenes mitratus (Phasmid: Basillidae)

M. N. Harris, S. Azman, Nurul Wahida Othman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The gross anatomy and histology of the alimentary tract of the stick insect, Pylaemenes mitratus were described in this study. Three distinct part of its alimentary system were investigated; the foregut, midgut and hindgut were observed. The foregut consists of oesophagus, crop and proventriculus. The inner most layer of foregut and hindgut show an intima which has a chitinous layers and folded along the epithelium cell at the hindgut. The external of the gut surrounded by muscularis made up of circular muscle and longitudinal muscle. The midgut is made up of gastric caecum whereas ventriculus. The histology structure consists of epithelium layer of endoderm cells that secrete digestive enzyme and site for absorption of food nutrient. The hindgut starts at Malpighian tubule to the ileum, rectum and ends at the opening of anus as a place for faecal excretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-158
Number of pages8
JournalSerangga
Volume24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Phasmida
histology
hindgut
anatomy
foregut
insect
muscle
midgut
epithelium
excretion
crop (digestive system)
muscles
proventriculus
Malpighian tubules
anus
digestive enzymes
rectum
esophagus
ileum
cecum

Keywords

  • Alimentary tract
  • Histology cell
  • Morphology
  • Pylaemenes mitratus
  • Stick insect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

Cite this

Gross anatomy and histology of alimentary system of stick insect, pylaemenes mitratus (Phasmid : Basillidae). / Harris, M. N.; Azman, S.; Othman, Nurul Wahida.

In: Serangga, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 151-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{12930b5c33be4f0a9f185e0e1fa1e385,
title = "Gross anatomy and histology of alimentary system of stick insect, pylaemenes mitratus (Phasmid: Basillidae)",
abstract = "The gross anatomy and histology of the alimentary tract of the stick insect, Pylaemenes mitratus were described in this study. Three distinct part of its alimentary system were investigated; the foregut, midgut and hindgut were observed. The foregut consists of oesophagus, crop and proventriculus. The inner most layer of foregut and hindgut show an intima which has a chitinous layers and folded along the epithelium cell at the hindgut. The external of the gut surrounded by muscularis made up of circular muscle and longitudinal muscle. The midgut is made up of gastric caecum whereas ventriculus. The histology structure consists of epithelium layer of endoderm cells that secrete digestive enzyme and site for absorption of food nutrient. The hindgut starts at Malpighian tubule to the ileum, rectum and ends at the opening of anus as a place for faecal excretion.",
keywords = "Alimentary tract, Histology cell, Morphology, Pylaemenes mitratus, Stick insect",
author = "Harris, {M. N.} and S. Azman and Othman, {Nurul Wahida}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "151--158",
journal = "Serangga",
issn = "1394-5130",
publisher = "Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gross anatomy and histology of alimentary system of stick insect, pylaemenes mitratus (Phasmid

T2 - Basillidae)

AU - Harris, M. N.

AU - Azman, S.

AU - Othman, Nurul Wahida

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The gross anatomy and histology of the alimentary tract of the stick insect, Pylaemenes mitratus were described in this study. Three distinct part of its alimentary system were investigated; the foregut, midgut and hindgut were observed. The foregut consists of oesophagus, crop and proventriculus. The inner most layer of foregut and hindgut show an intima which has a chitinous layers and folded along the epithelium cell at the hindgut. The external of the gut surrounded by muscularis made up of circular muscle and longitudinal muscle. The midgut is made up of gastric caecum whereas ventriculus. The histology structure consists of epithelium layer of endoderm cells that secrete digestive enzyme and site for absorption of food nutrient. The hindgut starts at Malpighian tubule to the ileum, rectum and ends at the opening of anus as a place for faecal excretion.

AB - The gross anatomy and histology of the alimentary tract of the stick insect, Pylaemenes mitratus were described in this study. Three distinct part of its alimentary system were investigated; the foregut, midgut and hindgut were observed. The foregut consists of oesophagus, crop and proventriculus. The inner most layer of foregut and hindgut show an intima which has a chitinous layers and folded along the epithelium cell at the hindgut. The external of the gut surrounded by muscularis made up of circular muscle and longitudinal muscle. The midgut is made up of gastric caecum whereas ventriculus. The histology structure consists of epithelium layer of endoderm cells that secrete digestive enzyme and site for absorption of food nutrient. The hindgut starts at Malpighian tubule to the ileum, rectum and ends at the opening of anus as a place for faecal excretion.

KW - Alimentary tract

KW - Histology cell

KW - Morphology

KW - Pylaemenes mitratus

KW - Stick insect

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070777447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070777447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85070777447

VL - 24

SP - 151

EP - 158

JO - Serangga

JF - Serangga

SN - 1394-5130

IS - 1

ER -