Green tea and its waste attract workers of formicine ants and kill their workers-implications for pest management

Hamady Dieng, Ruzieyana Bt Mohd Zawawi, Nur Intan Saidaah Bt Mohamed Yusof, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Fatimah Abang, Idris Abd. Ghani, Tomomitsu Satho, Hamdan Ahmad, Wan Fatma Zuharah, Abdul Hafiz Abd Majid, Nur Shilawati Abd Latip, Cirilo Nolasco-Hipolito, Gabriel Tonga Noweg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Daily, 3 billion cups of tea consumed worldwide and this consumption is accompanied by the discarding of huge waste amounts into the environment. Tea leaf contains a diverse array of toxic molecules. Despite evidence that its waste is almost as rich in toxicants as green leaves; no research has been done to turn this source of pollution into a benefit for ant pest management, where new chemistries are highly needed as a result on insecticide resistance. The present study was performed to explore the behavioral and lethal effects of tea and its leftovers on the black crazy ant (BCA), Paratrechina longicornis Latreille, yellow crazy ant (YCA), Anoplolepis gracilipes Smith, and weaver ant (WA), Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius. Both fresh tea extract (FTE) and used tea extract (UTE) were detrimental to the survival of BCA, YCA, and WA. FTE was the most toxic solution and BCA was the most vulnerable species. The presence of tea extracts in meals did not prevent workers of all three species from visiting and feeding in the presence their preferred foods. The results presented here suggest that diets containing tea extracts are attractive to BCA, YCA, and WA when in competition with their preferred foods. These extracts were also insecticidal to the worker ants. These properties demonstrate the potential of tea and its waste products for developing novel environmentally friendly and low-cost ant control strategies, which could also be a practical solution to the growing environmental problem it causes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

green tea
pest management
tea
Anoplolepis gracilipes
Formicidae
extracts
Paratrechina longicornis
ant control
Oecophylla smaragdina
leftover foods
worker ants
insecticide resistance
toxic substances
leaves
chemistry
pollution
diet

Keywords

  • Ants
  • Behavioral effects
  • Tea
  • Tea waste
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Green tea and its waste attract workers of formicine ants and kill their workers-implications for pest management. / Dieng, Hamady; Zawawi, Ruzieyana Bt Mohd; Yusof, Nur Intan Saidaah Bt Mohamed; Ahmad, Abu Hassan; Abang, Fatimah; Abd. Ghani, Idris; Satho, Tomomitsu; Ahmad, Hamdan; Zuharah, Wan Fatma; Majid, Abdul Hafiz Abd; Latip, Nur Shilawati Abd; Nolasco-Hipolito, Cirilo; Noweg, Gabriel Tonga.

In: Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 89, 30.10.2016, p. 157-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dieng, H, Zawawi, RBM, Yusof, NISBM, Ahmad, AH, Abang, F, Abd. Ghani, I, Satho, T, Ahmad, H, Zuharah, WF, Majid, AHA, Latip, NSA, Nolasco-Hipolito, C & Noweg, GT 2016, 'Green tea and its waste attract workers of formicine ants and kill their workers-implications for pest management', Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 89, pp. 157-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.05.019
Dieng, Hamady ; Zawawi, Ruzieyana Bt Mohd ; Yusof, Nur Intan Saidaah Bt Mohamed ; Ahmad, Abu Hassan ; Abang, Fatimah ; Abd. Ghani, Idris ; Satho, Tomomitsu ; Ahmad, Hamdan ; Zuharah, Wan Fatma ; Majid, Abdul Hafiz Abd ; Latip, Nur Shilawati Abd ; Nolasco-Hipolito, Cirilo ; Noweg, Gabriel Tonga. / Green tea and its waste attract workers of formicine ants and kill their workers-implications for pest management. In: Industrial Crops and Products. 2016 ; Vol. 89. pp. 157-166.
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