Green biological transformation of food and yard waste

Mohammed F M Abushammala, Noor Ezlin Ahmad Basri, Shahrom Md Zain, Nur Fatin Mat Saad, Nurul Afida Zainudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The composting of organic waste is an alternative waste management technique that can be used to control the increase in waste generation. The objective of this study was to identify a type of effective microbes (EMs) that accelerate the composting process. The study also determined the suitability of using a KompostKu rotary composter along with additional materials such as coconut husks and Takakura EMs for composting food waste from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), and determines the economic value of the compost. In order to select the most efficient EMs, Takakura and fruit waste EMs were prepared and used during the composting of both food and yard waste using a composter barrel. Four important parameters were examined to ensure the effectiveness of the process, including temperature, moisture content, potential of hydrogen (pH), and carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio. The experimental results revealed that Takakura EMs were superior to the fruit waste EMs in accelerating the composting process. The use of coconut husks as an absorbing agent with Takakura EMs also accelerated the composting process, requiring approximately four weeks to fully decompose the food waste. It was estimated that the composting of food and landscape waste at the UKM could annually generate compost products worth over 30,660 Malaysian Ringgit (MYR). The use of Takakura EMs enhanced and accelerated the composting process and provided high-quality compost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalJurnal Teknologi
Volume73
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

Composting
Fruits
Waste management
Moisture
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Economics
Carbon

Keywords

  • Coconut husk
  • Composting
  • Fruit waste EMs
  • KompostKu rotary composter
  • Takakura EMs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Abushammala, M. F. M., Ahmad Basri, N. E., Md Zain, S., Saad, N. F. M., & Zainudin, N. A. (2015). Green biological transformation of food and yard waste. Jurnal Teknologi, 73(1), 21-26.

Green biological transformation of food and yard waste. / Abushammala, Mohammed F M; Ahmad Basri, Noor Ezlin; Md Zain, Shahrom; Saad, Nur Fatin Mat; Zainudin, Nurul Afida.

In: Jurnal Teknologi, Vol. 73, No. 1, 01.03.2015, p. 21-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abushammala, MFM, Ahmad Basri, NE, Md Zain, S, Saad, NFM & Zainudin, NA 2015, 'Green biological transformation of food and yard waste', Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 21-26.
Abushammala MFM, Ahmad Basri NE, Md Zain S, Saad NFM, Zainudin NA. Green biological transformation of food and yard waste. Jurnal Teknologi. 2015 Mar 1;73(1):21-26.
Abushammala, Mohammed F M ; Ahmad Basri, Noor Ezlin ; Md Zain, Shahrom ; Saad, Nur Fatin Mat ; Zainudin, Nurul Afida. / Green biological transformation of food and yard waste. In: Jurnal Teknologi. 2015 ; Vol. 73, No. 1. pp. 21-26.
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