Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) electrodes for energy conversion and storage: A review on photoelectrochemical water splitting, solar cells and supercapacitors

Javad Safaei, Nurul Aida Mohamed, Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Noh, Mohd Fairuz Soh, Norasikin Ahmad Ludin, Mohd. Adib Ibrahim, Wan Isahak Wan Nor Roslam, Mohd Asri Mat Teridi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has emerged as one of the most promising photocatalysts due to its metal-free nature, abundance of raw material, and thermal physical-chemical stability. The breakthrough research studies in recent years have mostly been concentrated on the engineering of the intrinsic and morphological properties of g-C3N4-based photocatalysts in the framework of powder suspensions for artificial photosynthesis and environmental remediation. However, practical applications of g-C3N4-based electrodes and devices are still in the early stages of development due to challenging fabrication methods of g-C3N4 thin films. This review addresses the classification of diverse techniques to deposit g-C3N4-based thin films and explores a broad spectrum of applications pertinent to g-C3N4-based electrodes. Although this paper is principally focused on photoelectrochemical water splitting, other emerging applications of g-C3N4 in solar cells, electrocatalysts and supercapacitors are also reviewed. Lastly, further suggestions are posited for other potential applications, challenges and future orientations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22346-22380
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume6
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Carbon nitride
Energy conversion
Energy storage
Solar cells
Electrodes
Water
Photocatalysts
Thin films
Photosynthesis
Electrocatalysts
Chemical stability
Powders
Suspensions
Raw materials
Deposits
Metals
Fabrication
Supercapacitor
cyanogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) electrodes for energy conversion and storage : A review on photoelectrochemical water splitting, solar cells and supercapacitors. / Safaei, Javad; Mohamed, Nurul Aida; Mohamad Noh, Mohamad Firdaus; Soh, Mohd Fairuz; Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin; Ibrahim, Mohd. Adib; Wan Nor Roslam, Wan Isahak; Mat Teridi, Mohd Asri.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, No. 45, 01.01.2018, p. 22346-22380.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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