Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Malaysian Malays.

O. Ainoon, Y. H. Yu, A. L. Amir Muhriz, N. Y. Boo, S. K. Cheong, Noor Hamidah Hussin

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Abstract

We performed DNA analysis using cord blood samples on 86 male Malay neonates diagnosed as G6PD deficiency in the National University of Malaysia Hospital by a combination of rapid PCR-based techniques, single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and DNA sequencing. We found 37.2% were 871G>A (G6PD Viangchan), 26.7% were nt 563 C>T (G6PD Mediterranean) and 15.1% were 487G>A (G6PD Mahidol) followed by 4.7% 1376G>T (G6PD Canton), 3.5% 383T>C (G6PD Vanua Lava), 3.5% 592C>T (G6PD Coimbra), 2.3% 1388G>A (G6PD Kaiping), 2.3% 1360C>T (G6PD Union), 2.3% 1003G>A (G6PD Chatham), 1.2% 131C>G (G6PD Orissa) and 1.2% 1361G>A (G6PD Andalus). Seventy-one (82.6%) of the 86 G6PD-deficient neonates had neonatal jaundice. Fifty seven (80%) of the 71 neonates with jaundice required phototherapy with only one neonate progressing to severe hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin >340 micromol/l) requiring exchange transfusion. There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal jaundice, mean serum bilirubin level, mean age for peak serum bilirubin, percentage of babies requiring phototherapy and mean number of days of phototherapy between the three common variants. In conclusion, the molecular defects of Malay G6PD deficiency is heterogeneous and G6PD Viangchan, Mahidol and Mediterranean account for at least 80% of the cases. Our findings support the observation that G6PD Viangchan and Mahidol are common Southeast Asian variants. Their presence in the Malays suggests a common ancestral origin with the Cambodians, Laotians and Thais. Our findings together with other preliminary data on the presence of the Mediterranean variant in this region provide evidence of strong Arab influence in the Malay Archipelago.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101
Number of pages1
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003

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Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Phototherapy
Bilirubin
Neonatal Jaundice
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Newborn Infant
Serum
Hyperbilirubinemia
Indonesia
Malaysia
Jaundice
Fetal Blood
DNA Sequence Analysis
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase A-
Polymerase Chain Reaction
DNA
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Ainoon, O., Yu, Y. H., Amir Muhriz, A. L., Boo, N. Y., Cheong, S. K., & Hussin, N. H. (2003). Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Malaysian Malays. Human Mutation, 21(1), 101.

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Malaysian Malays. / Ainoon, O.; Yu, Y. H.; Amir Muhriz, A. L.; Boo, N. Y.; Cheong, S. K.; Hussin, Noor Hamidah.

In: Human Mutation, Vol. 21, No. 1, 01.2003, p. 101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ainoon, O, Yu, YH, Amir Muhriz, AL, Boo, NY, Cheong, SK & Hussin, NH 2003, 'Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Malaysian Malays.', Human Mutation, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 101.
Ainoon O, Yu YH, Amir Muhriz AL, Boo NY, Cheong SK, Hussin NH. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Malaysian Malays. Human Mutation. 2003 Jan;21(1):101.
Ainoon, O. ; Yu, Y. H. ; Amir Muhriz, A. L. ; Boo, N. Y. ; Cheong, S. K. ; Hussin, Noor Hamidah. / Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants in Malaysian Malays. In: Human Mutation. 2003 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 101.
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abstract = "We performed DNA analysis using cord blood samples on 86 male Malay neonates diagnosed as G6PD deficiency in the National University of Malaysia Hospital by a combination of rapid PCR-based techniques, single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and DNA sequencing. We found 37.2{\%} were 871G>A (G6PD Viangchan), 26.7{\%} were nt 563 C>T (G6PD Mediterranean) and 15.1{\%} were 487G>A (G6PD Mahidol) followed by 4.7{\%} 1376G>T (G6PD Canton), 3.5{\%} 383T>C (G6PD Vanua Lava), 3.5{\%} 592C>T (G6PD Coimbra), 2.3{\%} 1388G>A (G6PD Kaiping), 2.3{\%} 1360C>T (G6PD Union), 2.3{\%} 1003G>A (G6PD Chatham), 1.2{\%} 131C>G (G6PD Orissa) and 1.2{\%} 1361G>A (G6PD Andalus). Seventy-one (82.6{\%}) of the 86 G6PD-deficient neonates had neonatal jaundice. Fifty seven (80{\%}) of the 71 neonates with jaundice required phototherapy with only one neonate progressing to severe hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin >340 micromol/l) requiring exchange transfusion. There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal jaundice, mean serum bilirubin level, mean age for peak serum bilirubin, percentage of babies requiring phototherapy and mean number of days of phototherapy between the three common variants. In conclusion, the molecular defects of Malay G6PD deficiency is heterogeneous and G6PD Viangchan, Mahidol and Mediterranean account for at least 80{\%} of the cases. Our findings support the observation that G6PD Viangchan and Mahidol are common Southeast Asian variants. Their presence in the Malays suggests a common ancestral origin with the Cambodians, Laotians and Thais. Our findings together with other preliminary data on the presence of the Mediterranean variant in this region provide evidence of strong Arab influence in the Malay Archipelago.",
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N2 - We performed DNA analysis using cord blood samples on 86 male Malay neonates diagnosed as G6PD deficiency in the National University of Malaysia Hospital by a combination of rapid PCR-based techniques, single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and DNA sequencing. We found 37.2% were 871G>A (G6PD Viangchan), 26.7% were nt 563 C>T (G6PD Mediterranean) and 15.1% were 487G>A (G6PD Mahidol) followed by 4.7% 1376G>T (G6PD Canton), 3.5% 383T>C (G6PD Vanua Lava), 3.5% 592C>T (G6PD Coimbra), 2.3% 1388G>A (G6PD Kaiping), 2.3% 1360C>T (G6PD Union), 2.3% 1003G>A (G6PD Chatham), 1.2% 131C>G (G6PD Orissa) and 1.2% 1361G>A (G6PD Andalus). Seventy-one (82.6%) of the 86 G6PD-deficient neonates had neonatal jaundice. Fifty seven (80%) of the 71 neonates with jaundice required phototherapy with only one neonate progressing to severe hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin >340 micromol/l) requiring exchange transfusion. There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal jaundice, mean serum bilirubin level, mean age for peak serum bilirubin, percentage of babies requiring phototherapy and mean number of days of phototherapy between the three common variants. In conclusion, the molecular defects of Malay G6PD deficiency is heterogeneous and G6PD Viangchan, Mahidol and Mediterranean account for at least 80% of the cases. Our findings support the observation that G6PD Viangchan and Mahidol are common Southeast Asian variants. Their presence in the Malays suggests a common ancestral origin with the Cambodians, Laotians and Thais. Our findings together with other preliminary data on the presence of the Mediterranean variant in this region provide evidence of strong Arab influence in the Malay Archipelago.

AB - We performed DNA analysis using cord blood samples on 86 male Malay neonates diagnosed as G6PD deficiency in the National University of Malaysia Hospital by a combination of rapid PCR-based techniques, single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and DNA sequencing. We found 37.2% were 871G>A (G6PD Viangchan), 26.7% were nt 563 C>T (G6PD Mediterranean) and 15.1% were 487G>A (G6PD Mahidol) followed by 4.7% 1376G>T (G6PD Canton), 3.5% 383T>C (G6PD Vanua Lava), 3.5% 592C>T (G6PD Coimbra), 2.3% 1388G>A (G6PD Kaiping), 2.3% 1360C>T (G6PD Union), 2.3% 1003G>A (G6PD Chatham), 1.2% 131C>G (G6PD Orissa) and 1.2% 1361G>A (G6PD Andalus). Seventy-one (82.6%) of the 86 G6PD-deficient neonates had neonatal jaundice. Fifty seven (80%) of the 71 neonates with jaundice required phototherapy with only one neonate progressing to severe hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin >340 micromol/l) requiring exchange transfusion. There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal jaundice, mean serum bilirubin level, mean age for peak serum bilirubin, percentage of babies requiring phototherapy and mean number of days of phototherapy between the three common variants. In conclusion, the molecular defects of Malay G6PD deficiency is heterogeneous and G6PD Viangchan, Mahidol and Mediterranean account for at least 80% of the cases. Our findings support the observation that G6PD Viangchan and Mahidol are common Southeast Asian variants. Their presence in the Malays suggests a common ancestral origin with the Cambodians, Laotians and Thais. Our findings together with other preliminary data on the presence of the Mediterranean variant in this region provide evidence of strong Arab influence in the Malay Archipelago.

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