Genetic improvement and challenges for cultivation of microalgae for biodiesel: A review

Nor Anis N. Bt Md Nasir, A. K.M.Aminul Islam, Nurina Anuar, Zahira Yaakob

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae are a viable alternative for biofuel production to replace the world dependency on fossil fuel. It has a wide range of application for the sustainable production of biomaterials. Microalgae can convert solar energy into important natural components by utilizing marginal nutrients, wastewater and exhaust CO 2 without sharing expensive crop field. Microalgae also have the potentiality to generate several promising components such as Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs), organic pigments and pharmaceutically important hydrocarbons. Cultivation and production of microalgae biomass have multifaceted challenges due to the requirement of large volume of water for the algae growth, high processing cost and contamination by pathogens. Genetic improvement and modifications are essential to construct superior microalgae for manufacturing industries using various methods such as selection of novel strain, stress tolerance, resistance to pathogens, product development and metabolic pathways and cellular contents. In addition, technologies related to cultivation, harvesting, extraction and processing are essential to develop for the growth of novel microalgae strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-289
Number of pages13
JournalMini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Pathogens
Biocompatible Materials
Carbon Monoxide
Algae
Processing
Hydrocarbons
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Fossil fuels
Product development
Solar energy
Nutrients
Crops
Biomass
Wastewater
Contamination
Coloring Agents
Water
Costs
Industry

Keywords

  • Bio-energy
  • Biodiesel
  • Cultivation condition
  • Genetic manipulation
  • Microalgae
  • Productivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Genetic improvement and challenges for cultivation of microalgae for biodiesel : A review. / Bt Md Nasir, Nor Anis N.; Islam, A. K.M.Aminul; Anuar, Nurina; Yaakob, Zahira.

In: Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry, Vol. 16, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 277-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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