Genetic identification of critically endangered orangutans in captivity

Siti Norsyuhada Kamaluddin, Salmah Yaakop, Wan Mohd Razi Idris, Sabapathy Dharmalingam, Jeffrine Japning Rovie-Ryan, Badrul Munir Md. Zain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A large numerals of the orangutans' genetic status in captivity is unknown to its exact, thus complicates the translocation process to their true natural habitat. A study was carried out to identify 37 captive orangutans in Peninsular Malaysia at the species and subspecies level using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) displacement loop (D-loop) region DNA sequences. Orangutan genetic samples were provided by the Bukit Merah Orang Utan Island (BMOUI), Zoo Negara, Zoo Taiping and the A' Famosa. Total genomic DNA was extracted from both fecal and blood samples. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed using specific primers for the orang utan. Data analyses were carried out using distance and character based approaches, namely the neighbor joining (NJ), maximum parsimony (MP), and Bayesian techniques. About 8 individuals were identified as Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus, 20 as P. p. morio, 5 as P. p. wurmbii, and 4 as P. abelii. All samples were successfully identified with high probabilities. The results obtained in this study contributes to improve the understanding of captive orangutans' genetic identification, and indirectly, a guide to the authorities in developing plans for the management in captivity and conservation of primates in Malaysia using molecular data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sustainability Science and Management
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

captivity
DNA
zoo
Malaysia
Polymerase chain reaction
DNA sequences
Joining
Conservation
Blood
primate
mitochondrial DNA
translocation
polymerase chain reaction
subspecies
habitat
genomics
conservation
blood
management
Primates

Keywords

  • Captive
  • Genetic identification
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Orangutan
  • Pongo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Genetic identification of critically endangered orangutans in captivity. / Kamaluddin, Siti Norsyuhada; Yaakop, Salmah; Idris, Wan Mohd Razi; Dharmalingam, Sabapathy; Rovie-Ryan, Jeffrine Japning; Md. Zain, Badrul Munir.

In: Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, Vol. 13, No. 2, 01.01.2018, p. 57-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamaluddin, Siti Norsyuhada ; Yaakop, Salmah ; Idris, Wan Mohd Razi ; Dharmalingam, Sabapathy ; Rovie-Ryan, Jeffrine Japning ; Md. Zain, Badrul Munir. / Genetic identification of critically endangered orangutans in captivity. In: Journal of Sustainability Science and Management. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 57-68.
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