Genetic controls on starch amylose content in wheat and rice grains

Parviz Fasahat, Sadequr Rahman, R Wickneswari V Ratnam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Starch accumulates in plants as granules in chloroplasts of source organs such as leaves (transitory starch) or in amyloplasts of sink organs such as seeds, tubers and roots (storage starch). Starch is composed of two types of glucose polymers: the essentially linear polymer amylose and highly branched amylopectin. The amylose content of wheat and rice seeds is an important quality trait, affecting the nutritional and sensory quality of two of the world's most important crops. In this review, we focus on the relationship between amylose biosynthesis and the structure, physical behaviour and functionality of wheat and rice grains. We briefly describe the structure and composition of starch and then in more detail describe what is known about the mechanism of amylose synthesis and how the amount of amylose in starch might be controlled. This more specifically includes analysis of GBSS alleles, the relationship between waxy allelic forms and amylose, and related quantitative trait loci. Finally, different methods for increasing or lowering amylose content are evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-292
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Genetics
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Amylose
Starch
Triticum
Seeds
Starch Synthase
Amylopectin
Plastids
Glucans
Quantitative Trait Loci
Chloroplasts
Oryza
Polymers
Alleles

Keywords

  • amylose content
  • biosynthesis
  • composition
  • rice
  • wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Genetic controls on starch amylose content in wheat and rice grains. / Fasahat, Parviz; Rahman, Sadequr; V Ratnam, R Wickneswari.

In: Journal of Genetics, Vol. 93, No. 1, 2014, p. 279-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fasahat, Parviz ; Rahman, Sadequr ; V Ratnam, R Wickneswari. / Genetic controls on starch amylose content in wheat and rice grains. In: Journal of Genetics. 2014 ; Vol. 93, No. 1. pp. 279-292.
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