General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression: A study with Malaysia medical students

Viren Swami, Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Dhachayani Sinniah, Thambu Maniam, Kumaraswami Kannan, Debbi Stanistreet, Adrian Furnham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    60 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To examine the associations between life satisfaction, loneliness, general health and depression among 172 medical students in Malaysia. Method: Participants completed a questionnaire battery, which included the 12-item General Health Questionnaire, Beck's Depression Inventory, the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale and the Satisfaction With Life Scale. Results: Life satisfaction was negatively and significantly correlated with suicidal attitudes, loneliness and depression; and positively with health, which was negatively and significantly correlated with depression and loneliness. Self-concept was negatively correlated with loneliness and depression, depression was positively and significantly correlated with loneliness. Mediational analyses showed that the effects of loneliness and life dissatisfaction on depression were fully mediated by health. Conclusion: Even though less satisfied, and particularly lonelier, individuals are more likely to report higher levels of depression, this is only the case because both higher loneliness and life dissatisfaction are associated with poorer health. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders in developing nations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)161-166
    Number of pages6
    JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
    Volume42
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

    Fingerprint

    Loneliness
    Malaysia
    Medical Students
    medical student
    Depression
    Health
    health
    satisfaction with life
    questionnaire
    self-concept
    Self Concept
    Mental Disorders
    Developing Countries
    Mental Health
    mental health
    Equipment and Supplies

    Keywords

    • Depression
    • General health
    • Life satisfaction
    • Loneliness

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Cite this

    General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression : A study with Malaysia medical students. / Swami, Viren; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Sinniah, Dhachayani; Maniam, Thambu; Kannan, Kumaraswami; Stanistreet, Debbi; Furnham, Adrian.

    In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 42, No. 2, 02.2007, p. 161-166.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Swami, Viren ; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas ; Sinniah, Dhachayani ; Maniam, Thambu ; Kannan, Kumaraswami ; Stanistreet, Debbi ; Furnham, Adrian. / General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression : A study with Malaysia medical students. In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2007 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 161-166.
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