Gender images in selected Malaysian school textbooks

A frequency analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a frequency analysis of illustrated images found in selected Malaysian school textbooks in its attempt to investigate gender representation in the texts. It analyses, at random, a series of four Malaysian English textbooks, 3 primary textbooks and 1 lower secondary. The scanning of visual images of the textbooks was compiled. A visual analysis form was devised and used as the instrument to encode the categories of analysis. The results show emerging categories that were coded which include: frequency of appearances/invisibility of males and females, portrayal of roles of characters, and depictions of personality characteristics of characters. The findings reveal that males dominant images in the textbooks as a whole. As for the portrayal of characters in terms of their social, professional and political roles, the findings again show a gender biasness that is represented highly by male characters. Female characters are depicted to be 'inherently inferior' in terms of the roles portrayed and their contribution to the society at large.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-126
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Learning
Volume18
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

frequency analysis
textbook
gender
school
personality

Keywords

  • Discourse
  • Gender positioning
  • Image analysis
  • Images
  • School textbooks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

@article{7189c2325a2c4f798f72a02bfe638cc3,
title = "Gender images in selected Malaysian school textbooks: A frequency analysis",
abstract = "This paper presents a frequency analysis of illustrated images found in selected Malaysian school textbooks in its attempt to investigate gender representation in the texts. It analyses, at random, a series of four Malaysian English textbooks, 3 primary textbooks and 1 lower secondary. The scanning of visual images of the textbooks was compiled. A visual analysis form was devised and used as the instrument to encode the categories of analysis. The results show emerging categories that were coded which include: frequency of appearances/invisibility of males and females, portrayal of roles of characters, and depictions of personality characteristics of characters. The findings reveal that males dominant images in the textbooks as a whole. As for the portrayal of characters in terms of their social, professional and political roles, the findings again show a gender biasness that is represented highly by male characters. Female characters are depicted to be 'inherently inferior' in terms of the roles portrayed and their contribution to the society at large.",
keywords = "Discourse, Gender positioning, Image analysis, Images, School textbooks",
author = "Zarina Othman and {Abdul Hamid}, Bahiyah and {Mohd Yasin}, {Mohamad Subakir} and {Chee Keong}, Yuen and Azhar Jaludin",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "101--126",
journal = "International Journal of Learning",
issn = "1447-9494",
publisher = "Common Ground Publishing",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender images in selected Malaysian school textbooks

T2 - A frequency analysis

AU - Othman, Zarina

AU - Abdul Hamid, Bahiyah

AU - Mohd Yasin, Mohamad Subakir

AU - Chee Keong, Yuen

AU - Jaludin, Azhar

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This paper presents a frequency analysis of illustrated images found in selected Malaysian school textbooks in its attempt to investigate gender representation in the texts. It analyses, at random, a series of four Malaysian English textbooks, 3 primary textbooks and 1 lower secondary. The scanning of visual images of the textbooks was compiled. A visual analysis form was devised and used as the instrument to encode the categories of analysis. The results show emerging categories that were coded which include: frequency of appearances/invisibility of males and females, portrayal of roles of characters, and depictions of personality characteristics of characters. The findings reveal that males dominant images in the textbooks as a whole. As for the portrayal of characters in terms of their social, professional and political roles, the findings again show a gender biasness that is represented highly by male characters. Female characters are depicted to be 'inherently inferior' in terms of the roles portrayed and their contribution to the society at large.

AB - This paper presents a frequency analysis of illustrated images found in selected Malaysian school textbooks in its attempt to investigate gender representation in the texts. It analyses, at random, a series of four Malaysian English textbooks, 3 primary textbooks and 1 lower secondary. The scanning of visual images of the textbooks was compiled. A visual analysis form was devised and used as the instrument to encode the categories of analysis. The results show emerging categories that were coded which include: frequency of appearances/invisibility of males and females, portrayal of roles of characters, and depictions of personality characteristics of characters. The findings reveal that males dominant images in the textbooks as a whole. As for the portrayal of characters in terms of their social, professional and political roles, the findings again show a gender biasness that is represented highly by male characters. Female characters are depicted to be 'inherently inferior' in terms of the roles portrayed and their contribution to the society at large.

KW - Discourse

KW - Gender positioning

KW - Image analysis

KW - Images

KW - School textbooks

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866896406&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866896406&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 101

EP - 126

JO - International Journal of Learning

JF - International Journal of Learning

SN - 1447-9494

IS - 10

ER -