GC-MS/Olfactometric characterisation and aroma extraction dilution analysis of aroma active compounds in Polygonum minus essential oil

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Abstract

Polygonum minus Huds. is an aromatic plant with potential anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and diuretic properties. Although the volatile compounds from the essential oil of P. minus have been extensively studied, knowledge of the aroma-active compounds is still incomplete. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate and to characterise the aroma-active compounds that contribute to the potent odour of P. minus. Essential oil was extracted from the leaves of kesum (P. minus) using hydrodistillation and was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to identify the volatile constituents. The important aroma-active compounds were further analysed by GC-MS/Olfactometry (GC-MS/O) and aroma extraction dilution analysis (AEDA). The GC-MS analysis using Kováts retention indices detected 39 volatile compounds in the essential oil. Aldehydes represented the major class of compounds, encompassing 75.43% of the total peak area, followed by sesquiterpenes (13.19%), alcohols (8.07%) and organic acids (0.83%). The dominant components of the kesum essential oil were dodecanal (54.25%) and decanal (18.27%) in the aldehyde group. The sesquiterpenes that were detected include β-farnesene (1.74%), α-caryophyllene (1.72%), β-caryophyllene oxide (1.51%) and β-selinene (1.36%). In this study, GC-MS/O and AEDA analysis identified dodecanal, decanal, farnesol, 1-nonanal and α-bergamotene as the main contributors to the characteristic fragrance of this plant. This is the first olfactometric study on the essential oil of P. minus, and it is important for our understanding of the biosynthesis of volatile compounds in this medicinal herb. Moreover, the characterisation of aromatic compounds that contributed to the potent odour of P. minus can be further applied in the flavour and fragrance industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-294
Number of pages6
JournalPlant OMICS
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

essential oils
odors
volatile compounds
sesquiterpenoids
aldehydes
farnesol
gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
Persicaria minor
farnesene
olfactometry
diuretics
essential oil crops
anti-inflammatory activity
organic acids and salts
oxides
aromatic compounds
medicinal plants
alcohols
flavor
biosynthesis

Keywords

  • AEDA
  • Aldehydes
  • Essential oil
  • GC-MS/O
  • Persicaria minor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "GC-MS/Olfactometric characterisation and aroma extraction dilution analysis of aroma active compounds in Polygonum minus essential oil",
abstract = "Polygonum minus Huds. is an aromatic plant with potential anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and diuretic properties. Although the volatile compounds from the essential oil of P. minus have been extensively studied, knowledge of the aroma-active compounds is still incomplete. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate and to characterise the aroma-active compounds that contribute to the potent odour of P. minus. Essential oil was extracted from the leaves of kesum (P. minus) using hydrodistillation and was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to identify the volatile constituents. The important aroma-active compounds were further analysed by GC-MS/Olfactometry (GC-MS/O) and aroma extraction dilution analysis (AEDA). The GC-MS analysis using Kov{\'a}ts retention indices detected 39 volatile compounds in the essential oil. Aldehydes represented the major class of compounds, encompassing 75.43{\%} of the total peak area, followed by sesquiterpenes (13.19{\%}), alcohols (8.07{\%}) and organic acids (0.83{\%}). The dominant components of the kesum essential oil were dodecanal (54.25{\%}) and decanal (18.27{\%}) in the aldehyde group. The sesquiterpenes that were detected include β-farnesene (1.74{\%}), α-caryophyllene (1.72{\%}), β-caryophyllene oxide (1.51{\%}) and β-selinene (1.36{\%}). In this study, GC-MS/O and AEDA analysis identified dodecanal, decanal, farnesol, 1-nonanal and α-bergamotene as the main contributors to the characteristic fragrance of this plant. This is the first olfactometric study on the essential oil of P. minus, and it is important for our understanding of the biosynthesis of volatile compounds in this medicinal herb. Moreover, the characterisation of aromatic compounds that contributed to the potent odour of P. minus can be further applied in the flavour and fragrance industries.",
keywords = "AEDA, Aldehydes, Essential oil, GC-MS/O, Persicaria minor",
author = "Rusdi, {Nor Azizun} and Goh, {Hoe Han} and Baharum, {Syarul Nataqain}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.21475/poj.16.09.04.p7901",
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volume = "9",
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AU - Rusdi, Nor Azizun

AU - Goh, Hoe Han

AU - Baharum, Syarul Nataqain

PY - 2016

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N2 - Polygonum minus Huds. is an aromatic plant with potential anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and diuretic properties. Although the volatile compounds from the essential oil of P. minus have been extensively studied, knowledge of the aroma-active compounds is still incomplete. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate and to characterise the aroma-active compounds that contribute to the potent odour of P. minus. Essential oil was extracted from the leaves of kesum (P. minus) using hydrodistillation and was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to identify the volatile constituents. The important aroma-active compounds were further analysed by GC-MS/Olfactometry (GC-MS/O) and aroma extraction dilution analysis (AEDA). The GC-MS analysis using Kováts retention indices detected 39 volatile compounds in the essential oil. Aldehydes represented the major class of compounds, encompassing 75.43% of the total peak area, followed by sesquiterpenes (13.19%), alcohols (8.07%) and organic acids (0.83%). The dominant components of the kesum essential oil were dodecanal (54.25%) and decanal (18.27%) in the aldehyde group. The sesquiterpenes that were detected include β-farnesene (1.74%), α-caryophyllene (1.72%), β-caryophyllene oxide (1.51%) and β-selinene (1.36%). In this study, GC-MS/O and AEDA analysis identified dodecanal, decanal, farnesol, 1-nonanal and α-bergamotene as the main contributors to the characteristic fragrance of this plant. This is the first olfactometric study on the essential oil of P. minus, and it is important for our understanding of the biosynthesis of volatile compounds in this medicinal herb. Moreover, the characterisation of aromatic compounds that contributed to the potent odour of P. minus can be further applied in the flavour and fragrance industries.

AB - Polygonum minus Huds. is an aromatic plant with potential anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and diuretic properties. Although the volatile compounds from the essential oil of P. minus have been extensively studied, knowledge of the aroma-active compounds is still incomplete. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate and to characterise the aroma-active compounds that contribute to the potent odour of P. minus. Essential oil was extracted from the leaves of kesum (P. minus) using hydrodistillation and was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to identify the volatile constituents. The important aroma-active compounds were further analysed by GC-MS/Olfactometry (GC-MS/O) and aroma extraction dilution analysis (AEDA). The GC-MS analysis using Kováts retention indices detected 39 volatile compounds in the essential oil. Aldehydes represented the major class of compounds, encompassing 75.43% of the total peak area, followed by sesquiterpenes (13.19%), alcohols (8.07%) and organic acids (0.83%). The dominant components of the kesum essential oil were dodecanal (54.25%) and decanal (18.27%) in the aldehyde group. The sesquiterpenes that were detected include β-farnesene (1.74%), α-caryophyllene (1.72%), β-caryophyllene oxide (1.51%) and β-selinene (1.36%). In this study, GC-MS/O and AEDA analysis identified dodecanal, decanal, farnesol, 1-nonanal and α-bergamotene as the main contributors to the characteristic fragrance of this plant. This is the first olfactometric study on the essential oil of P. minus, and it is important for our understanding of the biosynthesis of volatile compounds in this medicinal herb. Moreover, the characterisation of aromatic compounds that contributed to the potent odour of P. minus can be further applied in the flavour and fragrance industries.

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