Fruit consumption and associated determinants in a sample of young urban Malaysian adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adequacy of fruit intake contributes to an individual's health including reducing the risk of non-communicable disease. This study aimed to assess consumption of fruits in various forms and to determine associated factors and barriers. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 300 adults aged 20-39 years were purposely recruited from several urban locations in the Klang Valley. Consumption of fruits in the past 12 months was assessed using a selfadministered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), assisted with pictures of serving size of fruits. Anthropometric measurements were taken and body mass index and waist circumference computed. Results: Fruit intake among young adults was lower (1.6±1.0 servings/day) than the Malaysian Dietary Guideline 2010 of ≥ 2 servings/day. Only 32.3% consumed fruits as recommended, with women consuming significantly more fruits than men. Preferred fresh fruits were red apple, banana and papaya. Consumption of fruit juice was associated with increase in waist circumference (R2=0.261, p=0.027) after adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, education level and marital status. Fruit intake showed no significant association with other anthropometric measurements. Sensory appeal, perceived health benefit, easy to prepare and influence of family were the main determinants of fruit intake, whilst affordability and availability were the major barriers. Conclusion: Fruit consumption among young adults in this study was lower than the recommendation for daily fruit intake. Studies with larger sample size are suggested to verify the finding of significant association between fruit juice consumption and risk of abdominal obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-574
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume24
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

fruit consumption
Fruit
sampling
waist circumference
fruit juices
anthropometric measurements
young adults
fruits
serving size
Waist Circumference
affordability
noninfectious diseases
marital status
Dietary Guidelines
Young Adult
food frequency questionnaires
papayas
Serving Size
educational status
raw fruit

Keywords

  • Abdominal obesity
  • Barriers
  • Fruit
  • Fruit juice
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Fruit consumption and associated determinants in a sample of young urban Malaysian adults. / Hakim, Bibi Nabihah Abdul; Yahya, Hanis Mastura; Shahar, Suzana; Abdul Manaf, Zahara.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.01.2018, p. 567-574.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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