Fruit and vegetable intake patterns and their associations with sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric status and nutrient intake profiles among Malaysian children aged 1–6 years

on behalf of the SEANUTS Malaysia Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to assess fruit and vegetable intake patterns and their associations with sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric status and nutrient intake profiles among Malaysian children aged 1–6 years. Using the Malaysian dataset of South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS Malaysia), a total of 1307 children aged 1–6 years with complete datasets were included in this analysis. Dietary intake was assessed using age-specific, validated food frequency questionnaires. On average, Malaysian children consumed 0.91 and 1.07 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, respectively. Less than one-fifth of the children achieved the daily recommended servings of fruits (11.7%) and vegetables (15.8%). Fruit intake was associated with age, parental educational level and geographical region, and vegetable intake was associated with ethnicity and geographical region. There was little evidence of an association between fruit and vegetable intake and children’s anthropometric status, but an adequate intake of fruits and vegetables contributed significantly and differently to children’s micronutrient intake. Future nutrition interventions should focus on addressing the sociodemographic determinants and be tailored to the needs of the low consumers to more effectively promote and encourage the adequate intake of fruit and vegetables among young children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number723
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

sociodemographic characteristics
vegetable consumption
fruit consumption
nutrient intake
Vegetables
Fruit
Food
vegetables
Adequate Intakes
fruits
nutritional intervention
food frequency questionnaires
educational status
nationalities and ethnic groups
dietary minerals
Malaysia
food intake
Nutrition Surveys
Micronutrients
Parents

Keywords

  • Anthropometric status
  • Fruit intake
  • Nutrient intake
  • Sociodemographic determinants
  • Vegetable intake
  • Young children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Fruit and vegetable intake patterns and their associations with sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric status and nutrient intake profiles among Malaysian children aged 1–6 years. / on behalf of the SEANUTS Malaysia Study Group.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 9, No. 8, 723, 01.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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