Food and Nutrition in Malaysian Children

Norimah A. Karim, Nurliyana Abdul Razak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two nationwide studies, namely the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS Malaysia) and MyBreakfast study showed that 13-17% of children aged between 6 and 12 years were either overweight or obese. From dietary assessment, the majority of children achieved the Malaysian recommended nutrient intake (RNI) for energy and protein, but more than 50% did not fulfill the RNI for calcium and vitamin D. The majority of children consumed breakfast regularly; however, 20-30% of children skipped breakfast. The MyBreakfast study showed that 17.7% of the children consumed ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) at breakfast, while among non-RTEC consumers, bread (44.2%), eggs (31.8%), and nasi lemak (23.9%) were the most common foods consumed. RTEC was the major contributor of whole grain (68.6%), followed by hot cereal (18.6%), biscuits (8.7%), and bread (1.8%). In the SEANUTS Malaysia, among children aged 7-9 years, 13.4 and 9.5% met the Malaysian Dietary Guideline (MDG) for fruits and vegetables while among children aged 10-12 years, only 19.6 and 16.1%, respectively, met the MDG for fruits and vegetables. For the milk group, only 5.5% of 7- to 9-year-old children and 3.7% of those 10-12 years old met the MDG for milk/dairy products per day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalNestle Nutrition Institute workshop series
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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nutrition
Food
Nutrition Policy
Dietary Guidelines
Breakfast
breakfast
Bread
Malaysia
nutrient intake
Vegetables
breads
Fruit
Milk
vegetables
milk
fruits
biscuits
Dairy Products
national surveys
Nutrition Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Food and Nutrition in Malaysian Children. / A. Karim, Norimah; Razak, Nurliyana Abdul.

In: Nestle Nutrition Institute workshop series, Vol. 91, 01.01.2019, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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