Floristic composition, stand structure, above ground biomass and conservation value of a coastal lowland forest at Bukit Bauk Urban Forest, dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia

W. I. Wan Norilani, Wan Juliana Wan Ahmad, A. Latiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A study to determine the floristic composition, tree stand structure, above ground biomass of trees and conservation value of Bukit Bauk Urban Forest, Terengganu, Malaysia was carried out. A plot measuring at 100 m x 40 m (0.4 ha) was established and a total of 384 individual trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) of 5.0 cm and above were identified, measured and enumerated, giving tree density of 960 trees/ha. Those trees comprise of 34 species in 30 genera and 20 families and Syzygium grande (Myrtaceae) showed the highest density with 123 individuals per ha. The above ground biomass was estimated at 329 t/ ha. The family Myrtaceae contributed ca.23% of the total biomass. At the species level, Syzygium grande contributed the highest biomass of 68.9 t/ha of the total obtained. The Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index (H') gave a value of 2.98 which is considered average for the diversity of the area. All species in the study area were equally abundant according to the Evenness Index that gave a value of 0.84. A value of 5.55 (Margalef's Index) recorded indicating rather lower species richness for the study area. Syzygium grande was the most dominant species with the Important Value Index (IVi) of 13.65%, while Myrtaceae was the dominant family for the study area with the Important Value Index (IVi) of 15.86%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalMalaysian Forester
Volume76
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Fingerprint

coastal forests
stand structure
lowland forests
aboveground biomass
floristics
Malaysia
Syzygium
Myrtaceae
family studies
biomass
diversity index
tree and stand measurements
species richness
species diversity
index
family

Keywords

  • Above ground biomass
  • Conservation value
  • Floristic composition
  • Species diversity
  • Stand structure
  • Urban forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry

Cite this

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title = "Floristic composition, stand structure, above ground biomass and conservation value of a coastal lowland forest at Bukit Bauk Urban Forest, dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia",
abstract = "A study to determine the floristic composition, tree stand structure, above ground biomass of trees and conservation value of Bukit Bauk Urban Forest, Terengganu, Malaysia was carried out. A plot measuring at 100 m x 40 m (0.4 ha) was established and a total of 384 individual trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) of 5.0 cm and above were identified, measured and enumerated, giving tree density of 960 trees/ha. Those trees comprise of 34 species in 30 genera and 20 families and Syzygium grande (Myrtaceae) showed the highest density with 123 individuals per ha. The above ground biomass was estimated at 329 t/ ha. The family Myrtaceae contributed ca.23{\%} of the total biomass. At the species level, Syzygium grande contributed the highest biomass of 68.9 t/ha of the total obtained. The Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index (H') gave a value of 2.98 which is considered average for the diversity of the area. All species in the study area were equally abundant according to the Evenness Index that gave a value of 0.84. A value of 5.55 (Margalef's Index) recorded indicating rather lower species richness for the study area. Syzygium grande was the most dominant species with the Important Value Index (IVi) of 13.65{\%}, while Myrtaceae was the dominant family for the study area with the Important Value Index (IVi) of 15.86{\%}.",
keywords = "Above ground biomass, Conservation value, Floristic composition, Species diversity, Stand structure, Urban forest",
author = "{Wan Norilani}, {W. I.} and {Wan Ahmad}, {Wan Juliana} and A. Latiff",
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AU - Wan Ahmad, Wan Juliana

AU - Latiff, A.

PY - 2013/1

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N2 - A study to determine the floristic composition, tree stand structure, above ground biomass of trees and conservation value of Bukit Bauk Urban Forest, Terengganu, Malaysia was carried out. A plot measuring at 100 m x 40 m (0.4 ha) was established and a total of 384 individual trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) of 5.0 cm and above were identified, measured and enumerated, giving tree density of 960 trees/ha. Those trees comprise of 34 species in 30 genera and 20 families and Syzygium grande (Myrtaceae) showed the highest density with 123 individuals per ha. The above ground biomass was estimated at 329 t/ ha. The family Myrtaceae contributed ca.23% of the total biomass. At the species level, Syzygium grande contributed the highest biomass of 68.9 t/ha of the total obtained. The Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index (H') gave a value of 2.98 which is considered average for the diversity of the area. All species in the study area were equally abundant according to the Evenness Index that gave a value of 0.84. A value of 5.55 (Margalef's Index) recorded indicating rather lower species richness for the study area. Syzygium grande was the most dominant species with the Important Value Index (IVi) of 13.65%, while Myrtaceae was the dominant family for the study area with the Important Value Index (IVi) of 15.86%.

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