Field observation on the efficacy of Toxorhynchites splendens (Wiedemann) as a biocontrol agent against Aedes albopictus (Skuse) larvae in a cemetery

M. A. Nyamah, S. Sulaiman, Baharudin Omar

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored the efficacy of Toxorhynchites splendens, predator of Aedes albopictus as a biocontrol agent. There was a negative correlation between Ae. Albopictus larval population and Tx. splendens larval population in ovitraps (r=-0.287, R 2=0.0821). The correlation is higher between the mean number of Ae. albopictus larvae per ovitrap and the number of Tx. splendens larvae in an ovitrap (r=-0.987, R 2=0.9737). Larvae of Tx. Splendens were observed to co-exist with larvae of Ae. albopictus and Culex fuscocephala in the ovitraps placed in the study area. The existence of Tx. splendens larvae in the study area coincides with their habit, preferring to breed in bamboo stumps. A total of 480 ovitraps were inspected for 30-week study period and 281 ovitraps were positive with Ae. albopictus larvae respectively. There was a significant difference between numbers of ovitrap positive for Ae. Albopictus larvae with number of Tx. splendens larvae in the ovitraps (ANOVA, F (4,475) 2.655, p< 0.05). Of 281 ovitraps positive with Ae. albopictus larvae, 255 ovitraps contained only one Tx. Splendens larva each. Only one ovitrap contained four, the most number of Tx. splendens larvae (p< 0.05). Thus, Tx. splendens could be utilised as an alternative for dengue vector control programme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-319
Number of pages8
JournalTropical Biomedicine
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Cemeteries
Aedes
Larva
Culex
Dengue
Population
Habits
Analysis of Variance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

Cite this

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title = "Field observation on the efficacy of Toxorhynchites splendens (Wiedemann) as a biocontrol agent against Aedes albopictus (Skuse) larvae in a cemetery",
abstract = "This study explored the efficacy of Toxorhynchites splendens, predator of Aedes albopictus as a biocontrol agent. There was a negative correlation between Ae. Albopictus larval population and Tx. splendens larval population in ovitraps (r=-0.287, R 2=0.0821). The correlation is higher between the mean number of Ae. albopictus larvae per ovitrap and the number of Tx. splendens larvae in an ovitrap (r=-0.987, R 2=0.9737). Larvae of Tx. Splendens were observed to co-exist with larvae of Ae. albopictus and Culex fuscocephala in the ovitraps placed in the study area. The existence of Tx. splendens larvae in the study area coincides with their habit, preferring to breed in bamboo stumps. A total of 480 ovitraps were inspected for 30-week study period and 281 ovitraps were positive with Ae. albopictus larvae respectively. There was a significant difference between numbers of ovitrap positive for Ae. Albopictus larvae with number of Tx. splendens larvae in the ovitraps (ANOVA, F (4,475) 2.655, p< 0.05). Of 281 ovitraps positive with Ae. albopictus larvae, 255 ovitraps contained only one Tx. Splendens larva each. Only one ovitrap contained four, the most number of Tx. splendens larvae (p< 0.05). Thus, Tx. splendens could be utilised as an alternative for dengue vector control programme.",
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