Ficus carica L. (Moraceae): Phytochemistry, traditional uses and biological activities

Shukranul Mawa, Khairana Husain, Ibrahim Jantan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the botanical features of Ficus carica L. (Moraceae), its wide variety of chemical constituents, its use in traditional medicine as remedies for many health problems, and its biological activities. The plant has been used traditionally to treat various ailments such as gastric problems, inflammation, and cancer. Phytochemical studies on the leaves and fruits of the plant have shown that they are rich in phenolics, organic acids, and volatile compounds. However, there is little information on the phytochemicals present in the stem and root. Reports on the biological activities of the plant are mainly on its crude extracts which have been proven to possess many biological activities. Some of the most interesting therapeutic effects include anticancer, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, and antimicrobial activities. Thus, studies related to identification of the bioactive compounds and correlating them to their biological activities are very useful for further research to explore the potential of F. carica as a source of therapeutic agents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number974256
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Moraceae
Carica
Ficus
Phytochemicals
Volatile Organic Compounds
Plant Leaves
Traditional Medicine
Therapeutic Uses
Complex Mixtures
Hypoglycemic Agents
Fruit
Stomach
Inflammation
Health
Research
Neoplasms
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Ficus carica L. (Moraceae) : Phytochemistry, traditional uses and biological activities. / Mawa, Shukranul; Husain, Khairana; Jantan, Ibrahim.

In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 2013, 974256, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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