Feeding habits and temporal variation of Diet composition of fish larvae (osteichthyes

Sparidae) in the Sungai Pulai seagrass bed, Johore, Peninsular Malaysia

Roushon Ara, A. Arshad, N. Amrullah, S. M. Nural Amin, S. K. Daud, A. A. Nor Azwady, Mazlan Abd. Ghaffar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diet composition of most common fish larvae of family Sparidae was studied in the Sungai Pulai seagrass bed of Gelang Patah South Western part of Johor. Peninsular Malaysia from December 2007 to May 2008. Larvae were collected by subsurface towing of a bongo net, In situ hydrographic parameters were recorded during the sampling cruises. Stomachs were removed from a total of 80 Sparidae specimens during the study period and the stomach contents were examined. Analysis of prey in the stomach showed 24 important food items belonging to 8 major groups: phytoplankton, zooplankton, algae, insects, plant like matter, decapod appendages, debris and unidentified matters, The predominant food items.found in the stomach were phyloplankton. (60.85%). This was followed by algae 11.73%.), zooplankton (9.35%), plant matters (7.84%.), debris (4.60%), insects (2.84%, unidentified matter (1.96%) and decapod appendages (0.82%), Habitat in situ temperatures were recorded at 26.92-30.83°C (Mean±SD, 28.60±1.38); Dissolved oxygen ranged from 4.73 to 6.24 mg L-1(5.56±0.53) and the salinity fluctuation was between 29.37 and 33.68 ppt (31.31±1.68), Among the food items, phytoplankton was the first rank by Simple resultant index (60.85%) followed by algae. (11,73%). Therefore, it could be concluded that the fish larvae of family sparidae are mainly herbivorous.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-451
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Sciences
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Decapoda (Crustacea)
Zooplankton
Habits
Larva
Phytoplankton
Stomach
Fishes
Diet
Food
Insects
Gastrointestinal Contents
Salinity
Ecosystem
Oxygen
Temperature

Keywords

  • Feeding habits
  • Fish larvae
  • Peninsular Malaysia
  • Seagrass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

Feeding habits and temporal variation of Diet composition of fish larvae (osteichthyes : Sparidae) in the Sungai Pulai seagrass bed, Johore, Peninsular Malaysia. / Ara, Roushon; Arshad, A.; Amrullah, N.; Nural Amin, S. M.; Daud, S. K.; Nor Azwady, A. A.; Abd. Ghaffar, Mazlan.

In: Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2009, p. 445-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ara, Roushon ; Arshad, A. ; Amrullah, N. ; Nural Amin, S. M. ; Daud, S. K. ; Nor Azwady, A. A. ; Abd. Ghaffar, Mazlan. / Feeding habits and temporal variation of Diet composition of fish larvae (osteichthyes : Sparidae) in the Sungai Pulai seagrass bed, Johore, Peninsular Malaysia. In: Journal of Biological Sciences. 2009 ; Vol. 9, No. 5. pp. 445-451.
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abstract = "Diet composition of most common fish larvae of family Sparidae was studied in the Sungai Pulai seagrass bed of Gelang Patah South Western part of Johor. Peninsular Malaysia from December 2007 to May 2008. Larvae were collected by subsurface towing of a bongo net, In situ hydrographic parameters were recorded during the sampling cruises. Stomachs were removed from a total of 80 Sparidae specimens during the study period and the stomach contents were examined. Analysis of prey in the stomach showed 24 important food items belonging to 8 major groups: phytoplankton, zooplankton, algae, insects, plant like matter, decapod appendages, debris and unidentified matters, The predominant food items.found in the stomach were phyloplankton. (60.85{\%}). This was followed by algae 11.73{\%}.), zooplankton (9.35{\%}), plant matters (7.84{\%}.), debris (4.60{\%}), insects (2.84{\%}, unidentified matter (1.96{\%}) and decapod appendages (0.82{\%}), Habitat in situ temperatures were recorded at 26.92-30.83°C (Mean±SD, 28.60±1.38); Dissolved oxygen ranged from 4.73 to 6.24 mg L-1(5.56±0.53) and the salinity fluctuation was between 29.37 and 33.68 ppt (31.31±1.68), Among the food items, phytoplankton was the first rank by Simple resultant index (60.85{\%}) followed by algae. (11,73{\%}). Therefore, it could be concluded that the fish larvae of family sparidae are mainly herbivorous.",
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