Fasting calorie restriction improved the quality of dietary intake among aging men in Klang Valley, Malaysia

Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Suzana Shahar, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Hasnah Haron, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study used the new model of Fasting Calorie Restriction, which aimed at providing a feasible way of controlling eating. The present study aimed at determining the changes in dietary patterns following a three-month Fasting Calorie Restriction intervention. Twenty-five apparently healthy men (aged 50-70 years, BMI 23.0-29.9 kg/m2) were randomized into Fasting Calorie Restriction or Control groups. Those assigned to the Fasting Calorie Restriction group were instructed to restrict their daily energy intake to 2100 kJ/day and practice Muslim Sunnah fasting for 2 days a week for three months. Dietary data and Healthy Eating Index were obtained using a Diet History Questionnaire at the baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Statistical analysis was carried out using a repeated measured of Analysis of Covariance using the baseline data as covariate. Energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.01) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. We also found a significant increase (p<0.05) in thiamine, riboflavin and niacin intakes in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group throughout the intervention period. Analysis of the Healthy Eating Index showed a significant main effect (p<0.05) for fat, saturated fat and cholesterol scores. Food variability decreased significantly (p<0.001) (9.5±0.9 at the baseline to 8.1±1.1 at week 12) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. Fasting Calorie Restriction in this study was beneficial in reducing overall energy and fat intake. However, it also decreased the food variability among subjects. There is a need to evaluate the long-term effects of Fasting Calorie Restriction on food variability and micronutrient status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-614
Number of pages8
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Malaysia
fasting
food intake
Fasting
valleys
Energy Intake
energy intake
healthy diet
Fats
Food
Muslims
Islam
diet history
Riboflavin
Micronutrients
Niacin
Thiamine
niacin
riboflavin
fat intake

Keywords

  • Calorie restriction
  • Dietary pattern
  • Fasting
  • Healthy eating index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Fasting calorie restriction improved the quality of dietary intake among aging men in Klang Valley, Malaysia. / Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi; Shahar, Suzana; Abdul Manaf, Zahara; Haron, Hasnah; Ngah, Wan Zurinah Wan.

In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 7, 2013, p. 607-614.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{24155e5344fe4c5685332f526d3dd740,
title = "Fasting calorie restriction improved the quality of dietary intake among aging men in Klang Valley, Malaysia",
abstract = "This study used the new model of Fasting Calorie Restriction, which aimed at providing a feasible way of controlling eating. The present study aimed at determining the changes in dietary patterns following a three-month Fasting Calorie Restriction intervention. Twenty-five apparently healthy men (aged 50-70 years, BMI 23.0-29.9 kg/m2) were randomized into Fasting Calorie Restriction or Control groups. Those assigned to the Fasting Calorie Restriction group were instructed to restrict their daily energy intake to 2100 kJ/day and practice Muslim Sunnah fasting for 2 days a week for three months. Dietary data and Healthy Eating Index were obtained using a Diet History Questionnaire at the baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Statistical analysis was carried out using a repeated measured of Analysis of Covariance using the baseline data as covariate. Energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.01) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. We also found a significant increase (p<0.05) in thiamine, riboflavin and niacin intakes in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group throughout the intervention period. Analysis of the Healthy Eating Index showed a significant main effect (p<0.05) for fat, saturated fat and cholesterol scores. Food variability decreased significantly (p<0.001) (9.5±0.9 at the baseline to 8.1±1.1 at week 12) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. Fasting Calorie Restriction in this study was beneficial in reducing overall energy and fat intake. However, it also decreased the food variability among subjects. There is a need to evaluate the long-term effects of Fasting Calorie Restriction on food variability and micronutrient status.",
keywords = "Calorie restriction, Dietary pattern, Fasting, Healthy eating index",
author = "Teng, {Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi} and Suzana Shahar and {Abdul Manaf}, Zahara and Hasnah Haron and Ngah, {Wan Zurinah Wan}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "607--614",
journal = "Pakistan Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1680-5194",
publisher = "Asian Network for Scientific Information",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fasting calorie restriction improved the quality of dietary intake among aging men in Klang Valley, Malaysia

AU - Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi

AU - Shahar, Suzana

AU - Abdul Manaf, Zahara

AU - Haron, Hasnah

AU - Ngah, Wan Zurinah Wan

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This study used the new model of Fasting Calorie Restriction, which aimed at providing a feasible way of controlling eating. The present study aimed at determining the changes in dietary patterns following a three-month Fasting Calorie Restriction intervention. Twenty-five apparently healthy men (aged 50-70 years, BMI 23.0-29.9 kg/m2) were randomized into Fasting Calorie Restriction or Control groups. Those assigned to the Fasting Calorie Restriction group were instructed to restrict their daily energy intake to 2100 kJ/day and practice Muslim Sunnah fasting for 2 days a week for three months. Dietary data and Healthy Eating Index were obtained using a Diet History Questionnaire at the baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Statistical analysis was carried out using a repeated measured of Analysis of Covariance using the baseline data as covariate. Energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.01) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. We also found a significant increase (p<0.05) in thiamine, riboflavin and niacin intakes in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group throughout the intervention period. Analysis of the Healthy Eating Index showed a significant main effect (p<0.05) for fat, saturated fat and cholesterol scores. Food variability decreased significantly (p<0.001) (9.5±0.9 at the baseline to 8.1±1.1 at week 12) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. Fasting Calorie Restriction in this study was beneficial in reducing overall energy and fat intake. However, it also decreased the food variability among subjects. There is a need to evaluate the long-term effects of Fasting Calorie Restriction on food variability and micronutrient status.

AB - This study used the new model of Fasting Calorie Restriction, which aimed at providing a feasible way of controlling eating. The present study aimed at determining the changes in dietary patterns following a three-month Fasting Calorie Restriction intervention. Twenty-five apparently healthy men (aged 50-70 years, BMI 23.0-29.9 kg/m2) were randomized into Fasting Calorie Restriction or Control groups. Those assigned to the Fasting Calorie Restriction group were instructed to restrict their daily energy intake to 2100 kJ/day and practice Muslim Sunnah fasting for 2 days a week for three months. Dietary data and Healthy Eating Index were obtained using a Diet History Questionnaire at the baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Statistical analysis was carried out using a repeated measured of Analysis of Covariance using the baseline data as covariate. Energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.01) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. We also found a significant increase (p<0.05) in thiamine, riboflavin and niacin intakes in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group throughout the intervention period. Analysis of the Healthy Eating Index showed a significant main effect (p<0.05) for fat, saturated fat and cholesterol scores. Food variability decreased significantly (p<0.001) (9.5±0.9 at the baseline to 8.1±1.1 at week 12) in the Fasting Calorie Restriction group. Fasting Calorie Restriction in this study was beneficial in reducing overall energy and fat intake. However, it also decreased the food variability among subjects. There is a need to evaluate the long-term effects of Fasting Calorie Restriction on food variability and micronutrient status.

KW - Calorie restriction

KW - Dietary pattern

KW - Fasting

KW - Healthy eating index

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885461346&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84885461346&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84885461346

VL - 12

SP - 607

EP - 614

JO - Pakistan Journal of Nutrition

JF - Pakistan Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1680-5194

IS - 7

ER -