Family functioning, self-esteem, self-concept and cognitive distortion among juvenile delinquents

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adolescents' social and psychological problems relating to juvenile delinquents revolve around factors such as personality and cognitive constructs and family dynamics. The objectives of this study were to ascertain the background characteristics of juvenile delinquents and to determine relationships between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortion. Participants were 316 males and females between 12-18 years old from six rehabilitation and correctional centers in Malaysia. A set of questionnaires comprising background characteristics, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES III), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Tennessee Self-Concept (TSC) and Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results showed that >30% of the participants had committed violent offences and there were correlations between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortions. Family involvement and family counselling are suggested for effective treatment of delinquents and for the prevention of recidivism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-163
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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self-concept
self-esteem
family counseling
descriptive statistics
group cohesion
rehabilitation
Malaysia
personality
offense
adolescent
questionnaire
evaluation

Keywords

  • Cognitive distortion
  • Family functioning
  • Juvenile delinquents
  • Malaysia
  • Self-concept
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Family functioning, self-esteem, self-concept and cognitive distortion among juvenile delinquents",
abstract = "Adolescents' social and psychological problems relating to juvenile delinquents revolve around factors such as personality and cognitive constructs and family dynamics. The objectives of this study were to ascertain the background characteristics of juvenile delinquents and to determine relationships between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortion. Participants were 316 males and females between 12-18 years old from six rehabilitation and correctional centers in Malaysia. A set of questionnaires comprising background characteristics, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES III), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Tennessee Self-Concept (TSC) and Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results showed that >30{\%} of the participants had committed violent offences and there were correlations between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortions. Family involvement and family counselling are suggested for effective treatment of delinquents and for the prevention of recidivism.",
keywords = "Cognitive distortion, Family functioning, Juvenile delinquents, Malaysia, Self-concept, Self-esteem",
author = "Rohany Nasir and {Ahmad Zamani}, Zainah and Rozainee Khairudin and {Wan Sulaiman}, {Wan Shahrazad}",
year = "2011",
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pages = "155--163",
journal = "Social Sciences (Pakistan)",
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T1 - Family functioning, self-esteem, self-concept and cognitive distortion among juvenile delinquents

AU - Nasir, Rohany

AU - Ahmad Zamani, Zainah

AU - Khairudin, Rozainee

AU - Wan Sulaiman, Wan Shahrazad

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Adolescents' social and psychological problems relating to juvenile delinquents revolve around factors such as personality and cognitive constructs and family dynamics. The objectives of this study were to ascertain the background characteristics of juvenile delinquents and to determine relationships between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortion. Participants were 316 males and females between 12-18 years old from six rehabilitation and correctional centers in Malaysia. A set of questionnaires comprising background characteristics, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES III), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Tennessee Self-Concept (TSC) and Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results showed that >30% of the participants had committed violent offences and there were correlations between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortions. Family involvement and family counselling are suggested for effective treatment of delinquents and for the prevention of recidivism.

AB - Adolescents' social and psychological problems relating to juvenile delinquents revolve around factors such as personality and cognitive constructs and family dynamics. The objectives of this study were to ascertain the background characteristics of juvenile delinquents and to determine relationships between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortion. Participants were 316 males and females between 12-18 years old from six rehabilitation and correctional centers in Malaysia. A set of questionnaires comprising background characteristics, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES III), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Tennessee Self-Concept (TSC) and Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results showed that >30% of the participants had committed violent offences and there were correlations between family functioning, self-concept, self-esteem and cognitive distortions. Family involvement and family counselling are suggested for effective treatment of delinquents and for the prevention of recidivism.

KW - Cognitive distortion

KW - Family functioning

KW - Juvenile delinquents

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KW - Self-concept

KW - Self-esteem

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