Failure analysis of a semiconductor packaging leadframe using the signal processing approach

Shahrum Abdullah, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin Mohd Ihsan, Che Ku Eddy Nizwan, Mohamad Faizal Abdullah, Azman Jalar @ Jalil, Mohd Faridz Mod Yunoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a durability analysis of two types of copper leadframe, i.e. the un-oxidised leadframe and the oxidised leadframe. Both leadframe types were used in the fabrication process of a Quad Flat No-Lead (QFN) package, which can be said as a recent type of the 3D stacked die semiconductor package. This study involved the durability test and analysis on QFN packages when these packages were subjected under constant cyclic loadings. In order to perform the cyclic test, the procedure of the three-point cyclic bending test has been employed on the packages. In addition, a strain gauge which was connected to the dynamic data acquisition system was used for each tested QFN package for determining the response of the captured cyclic strain signal. It has been found that the variable amplitude pattern of signal response has been obtained during the constant cyclic test. The obtained response signals for both type of leadframe were then analysed using the approaches of signal processing technique, which is relatively new in this field. The collected response signal were analysed using the normal statistical methods, the Power Spectrum Density (PSD) calculation and also the time-frequency localization analysis. From the detail signal analysis, it has been found that the un-oxidised leadframe showed a lower range of strain response compared to the oxidised leadframe, indicating higher lifetime. As a result, this finding lead to the durability conclusion, for which the un-oxidised leadframe has more durability effects and it also has higher lifetime compared to the oxidised leadframe. Finally, a micro-crack phenomenon at the epoxy interface between the die and the leadframe was also observed for the QFN package with the oxidised leadframe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-182
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume24
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2010

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failure analysis
packaging
signal processing
durability
life (durability)
signal analysis
strain gages
data acquisition
power spectra
cracks
copper
fabrication

Keywords

  • Durability
  • Oxidised leadframe
  • Quad Flat No-Lead
  • Three-points cyclic bending test
  • Un-oxidised leadframe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Cite this

Failure analysis of a semiconductor packaging leadframe using the signal processing approach. / Abdullah, Shahrum; Mohd Ihsan, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin; Nizwan, Che Ku Eddy; Abdullah, Mohamad Faizal; Jalar @ Jalil, Azman; Mod Yunoh, Mohd Faridz.

In: International Journal of Modern Physics B, Vol. 24, No. 1-2, 20.01.2010, p. 175-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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