Factors Influencing Stakeholders Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Aedes Mosquito

Latifah Amin, Hasrizul Hashim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dengue fever is a debilitating and infectious disease that could be life-threatening. It is caused by the dengue virus which affects millions of people in the tropical area. Currently, there is no cure for the disease as there is no vaccine available. Thus, prevention of the vector population using conventional methods is by far the main strategy but has been found ineffective. A genetically modified (GM) mosquito is among the favoured alternatives to curb dengue fever in Malaysia. Past studies have shown that development and diffusion of gene technology products depends heavily upon public acceptance. The purpose of this study is to identify the relevant factors influencing stakeholders’ attitudes toward the GM Aedes mosquito and to analyse the relationships between all the factors using the structural equation model. A survey was carried out on 509 respondents from various stakeholder groups in the Klang Valley region of Malaysia. Results of the survey have confirmed that public perception towards complex issues such as gene technology should be seen as a multi-faceted process. The perceived benefit-perceived risk balance is very important in determining the most predominant predictor of attitudes toward a GM mosquito. In this study the stakeholders perceived the benefit of the GM mosquito as outweighing its risk, translating perceived benefit as the most important direct predictor of attitudes toward the GM mosquito. Trust in key players has a direct influence on attitudes toward the GM mosquito while moral concern exhibited an indirect influence through perceived benefits. Other factors such as attitudes toward technology and nature were also indirect predictors of attitudes toward the GM mosquito while religiosity and engagement did not exhibited any significant roles. The research findings serve as a useful database to understand public acceptance and the social construct of public attitudes towards the GM mosquito to combat dengue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-681
Number of pages27
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

Aedes
Culicidae
stakeholder
Genes
Dengue
Curbs
Vaccines
Viruses
Malaysia
Technology
acceptance
Social Distance
Dengue Virus
Genetically modified
Influencing factors
Stakeholders
structural model
Structural Models
contagious disease
Communicable Diseases

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Factors influencing
  • GM Mosquito
  • Malaysia
  • Structural equation modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Factors Influencing Stakeholders Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Aedes Mosquito. / Amin, Latifah; Hashim, Hasrizul.

In: Science and Engineering Ethics, Vol. 21, No. 3, 29.03.2015, p. 655-681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cdf0e5b570124e00b2eb37bf86067a42,
title = "Factors Influencing Stakeholders Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Aedes Mosquito",
abstract = "Dengue fever is a debilitating and infectious disease that could be life-threatening. It is caused by the dengue virus which affects millions of people in the tropical area. Currently, there is no cure for the disease as there is no vaccine available. Thus, prevention of the vector population using conventional methods is by far the main strategy but has been found ineffective. A genetically modified (GM) mosquito is among the favoured alternatives to curb dengue fever in Malaysia. Past studies have shown that development and diffusion of gene technology products depends heavily upon public acceptance. The purpose of this study is to identify the relevant factors influencing stakeholders’ attitudes toward the GM Aedes mosquito and to analyse the relationships between all the factors using the structural equation model. A survey was carried out on 509 respondents from various stakeholder groups in the Klang Valley region of Malaysia. Results of the survey have confirmed that public perception towards complex issues such as gene technology should be seen as a multi-faceted process. The perceived benefit-perceived risk balance is very important in determining the most predominant predictor of attitudes toward a GM mosquito. In this study the stakeholders perceived the benefit of the GM mosquito as outweighing its risk, translating perceived benefit as the most important direct predictor of attitudes toward the GM mosquito. Trust in key players has a direct influence on attitudes toward the GM mosquito while moral concern exhibited an indirect influence through perceived benefits. Other factors such as attitudes toward technology and nature were also indirect predictors of attitudes toward the GM mosquito while religiosity and engagement did not exhibited any significant roles. The research findings serve as a useful database to understand public acceptance and the social construct of public attitudes towards the GM mosquito to combat dengue.",
keywords = "Attitudes, Factors influencing, GM Mosquito, Malaysia, Structural equation modelling",
author = "Latifah Amin and Hasrizul Hashim",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1007/s11948-014-9557-5",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "655--681",
journal = "Science and Engineering Ethics",
issn = "1353-3452",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Influencing Stakeholders Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Aedes Mosquito

AU - Amin, Latifah

AU - Hashim, Hasrizul

PY - 2015/3/29

Y1 - 2015/3/29

N2 - Dengue fever is a debilitating and infectious disease that could be life-threatening. It is caused by the dengue virus which affects millions of people in the tropical area. Currently, there is no cure for the disease as there is no vaccine available. Thus, prevention of the vector population using conventional methods is by far the main strategy but has been found ineffective. A genetically modified (GM) mosquito is among the favoured alternatives to curb dengue fever in Malaysia. Past studies have shown that development and diffusion of gene technology products depends heavily upon public acceptance. The purpose of this study is to identify the relevant factors influencing stakeholders’ attitudes toward the GM Aedes mosquito and to analyse the relationships between all the factors using the structural equation model. A survey was carried out on 509 respondents from various stakeholder groups in the Klang Valley region of Malaysia. Results of the survey have confirmed that public perception towards complex issues such as gene technology should be seen as a multi-faceted process. The perceived benefit-perceived risk balance is very important in determining the most predominant predictor of attitudes toward a GM mosquito. In this study the stakeholders perceived the benefit of the GM mosquito as outweighing its risk, translating perceived benefit as the most important direct predictor of attitudes toward the GM mosquito. Trust in key players has a direct influence on attitudes toward the GM mosquito while moral concern exhibited an indirect influence through perceived benefits. Other factors such as attitudes toward technology and nature were also indirect predictors of attitudes toward the GM mosquito while religiosity and engagement did not exhibited any significant roles. The research findings serve as a useful database to understand public acceptance and the social construct of public attitudes towards the GM mosquito to combat dengue.

AB - Dengue fever is a debilitating and infectious disease that could be life-threatening. It is caused by the dengue virus which affects millions of people in the tropical area. Currently, there is no cure for the disease as there is no vaccine available. Thus, prevention of the vector population using conventional methods is by far the main strategy but has been found ineffective. A genetically modified (GM) mosquito is among the favoured alternatives to curb dengue fever in Malaysia. Past studies have shown that development and diffusion of gene technology products depends heavily upon public acceptance. The purpose of this study is to identify the relevant factors influencing stakeholders’ attitudes toward the GM Aedes mosquito and to analyse the relationships between all the factors using the structural equation model. A survey was carried out on 509 respondents from various stakeholder groups in the Klang Valley region of Malaysia. Results of the survey have confirmed that public perception towards complex issues such as gene technology should be seen as a multi-faceted process. The perceived benefit-perceived risk balance is very important in determining the most predominant predictor of attitudes toward a GM mosquito. In this study the stakeholders perceived the benefit of the GM mosquito as outweighing its risk, translating perceived benefit as the most important direct predictor of attitudes toward the GM mosquito. Trust in key players has a direct influence on attitudes toward the GM mosquito while moral concern exhibited an indirect influence through perceived benefits. Other factors such as attitudes toward technology and nature were also indirect predictors of attitudes toward the GM mosquito while religiosity and engagement did not exhibited any significant roles. The research findings serve as a useful database to understand public acceptance and the social construct of public attitudes towards the GM mosquito to combat dengue.

KW - Attitudes

KW - Factors influencing

KW - GM Mosquito

KW - Malaysia

KW - Structural equation modelling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939893398&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939893398&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11948-014-9557-5

DO - 10.1007/s11948-014-9557-5

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 655

EP - 681

JO - Science and Engineering Ethics

JF - Science and Engineering Ethics

SN - 1353-3452

IS - 3

ER -