Factors influencing H1N1 vaccination among primary health care workers

A cross-sectional study

Noorazah Abd Aziz, Shanaz Muhamad, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Mohd Zaini Abd Hamid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Primary health care workers (PHCW) are the front-liners in any infectious disease outbreaks. The recent outbreak of H1N1 influenza demonstrated that uptake of H1N1 vaccination remained low amongst PCHW despite its proven effectiveness. This trend is worrying as PHCW are the first point of contact in any emerging outbreak of future influenza epidemic. To investigate factors influencing willingness of H1N1 vaccination amongst PHCW. Methods: A cross-sectional survey using self-reported questionnaire assessing perception and practice towards H1N1 Influenza A vaccination. A score of 34/50 was used as a cut-off score that divide good and poor perception. Logistic regression analysis used to explore the association between acceptance to be vaccinated and chosen variables. Results: The mean age was 33.91 (SD: 8.20) with mean year of service of 9.23 (SD: 8.0). Acceptance of H1N1 vaccination was 86.3%. A total of 85.9% perceived the vaccination can prevent serious disease. Willingness to be vaccinated influenced by perception at risk of having illness (OR: 10.182, CI: 1.64-63.23, P 0.013) and need for vaccination (OR: 11.35, CI: 4.67-27.56, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: PCHW were generally willing to be vaccinated should H1N1 Influenza epidemic emerges in the future. However, acceptance of vaccination was influenced by factors of benefit to prevent illness and reduction of spread of the illness. Fear of side-effects remained a barrier toward acceptance which should be taken into account in planning of preparation for future wave of outbreak.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-670
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Primary Health Care
Vaccination
Cross-Sectional Studies
Human Influenza
Disease Outbreaks
Fear
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Influenza A (H1N1) vaccination
  • Practice
  • Primary health care workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Factors influencing H1N1 vaccination among primary health care workers : A cross-sectional study. / Abd Aziz, Noorazah; Muhamad, Shanaz; Abdul Manaf, Mohd Rizal; Hamid, Mohd Zaini Abd.

In: International Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 6, 06.2013, p. 664-670.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1b6e307e43a3486bab758e4d0a864676,
title = "Factors influencing H1N1 vaccination among primary health care workers: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: Primary health care workers (PHCW) are the front-liners in any infectious disease outbreaks. The recent outbreak of H1N1 influenza demonstrated that uptake of H1N1 vaccination remained low amongst PCHW despite its proven effectiveness. This trend is worrying as PHCW are the first point of contact in any emerging outbreak of future influenza epidemic. To investigate factors influencing willingness of H1N1 vaccination amongst PHCW. Methods: A cross-sectional survey using self-reported questionnaire assessing perception and practice towards H1N1 Influenza A vaccination. A score of 34/50 was used as a cut-off score that divide good and poor perception. Logistic regression analysis used to explore the association between acceptance to be vaccinated and chosen variables. Results: The mean age was 33.91 (SD: 8.20) with mean year of service of 9.23 (SD: 8.0). Acceptance of H1N1 vaccination was 86.3{\%}. A total of 85.9{\%} perceived the vaccination can prevent serious disease. Willingness to be vaccinated influenced by perception at risk of having illness (OR: 10.182, CI: 1.64-63.23, P 0.013) and need for vaccination (OR: 11.35, CI: 4.67-27.56, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: PCHW were generally willing to be vaccinated should H1N1 Influenza epidemic emerges in the future. However, acceptance of vaccination was influenced by factors of benefit to prevent illness and reduction of spread of the illness. Fear of side-effects remained a barrier toward acceptance which should be taken into account in planning of preparation for future wave of outbreak.",
keywords = "Influenza A (H1N1) vaccination, Practice, Primary health care workers",
author = "{Abd Aziz}, Noorazah and Shanaz Muhamad and {Abdul Manaf}, {Mohd Rizal} and Hamid, {Mohd Zaini Abd}",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "664--670",
journal = "International Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "2008-7802",
publisher = "Isfahan University of Medical Sciences(IUMS)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors influencing H1N1 vaccination among primary health care workers

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Abd Aziz, Noorazah

AU - Muhamad, Shanaz

AU - Abdul Manaf, Mohd Rizal

AU - Hamid, Mohd Zaini Abd

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Background: Primary health care workers (PHCW) are the front-liners in any infectious disease outbreaks. The recent outbreak of H1N1 influenza demonstrated that uptake of H1N1 vaccination remained low amongst PCHW despite its proven effectiveness. This trend is worrying as PHCW are the first point of contact in any emerging outbreak of future influenza epidemic. To investigate factors influencing willingness of H1N1 vaccination amongst PHCW. Methods: A cross-sectional survey using self-reported questionnaire assessing perception and practice towards H1N1 Influenza A vaccination. A score of 34/50 was used as a cut-off score that divide good and poor perception. Logistic regression analysis used to explore the association between acceptance to be vaccinated and chosen variables. Results: The mean age was 33.91 (SD: 8.20) with mean year of service of 9.23 (SD: 8.0). Acceptance of H1N1 vaccination was 86.3%. A total of 85.9% perceived the vaccination can prevent serious disease. Willingness to be vaccinated influenced by perception at risk of having illness (OR: 10.182, CI: 1.64-63.23, P 0.013) and need for vaccination (OR: 11.35, CI: 4.67-27.56, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: PCHW were generally willing to be vaccinated should H1N1 Influenza epidemic emerges in the future. However, acceptance of vaccination was influenced by factors of benefit to prevent illness and reduction of spread of the illness. Fear of side-effects remained a barrier toward acceptance which should be taken into account in planning of preparation for future wave of outbreak.

AB - Background: Primary health care workers (PHCW) are the front-liners in any infectious disease outbreaks. The recent outbreak of H1N1 influenza demonstrated that uptake of H1N1 vaccination remained low amongst PCHW despite its proven effectiveness. This trend is worrying as PHCW are the first point of contact in any emerging outbreak of future influenza epidemic. To investigate factors influencing willingness of H1N1 vaccination amongst PHCW. Methods: A cross-sectional survey using self-reported questionnaire assessing perception and practice towards H1N1 Influenza A vaccination. A score of 34/50 was used as a cut-off score that divide good and poor perception. Logistic regression analysis used to explore the association between acceptance to be vaccinated and chosen variables. Results: The mean age was 33.91 (SD: 8.20) with mean year of service of 9.23 (SD: 8.0). Acceptance of H1N1 vaccination was 86.3%. A total of 85.9% perceived the vaccination can prevent serious disease. Willingness to be vaccinated influenced by perception at risk of having illness (OR: 10.182, CI: 1.64-63.23, P 0.013) and need for vaccination (OR: 11.35, CI: 4.67-27.56, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: PCHW were generally willing to be vaccinated should H1N1 Influenza epidemic emerges in the future. However, acceptance of vaccination was influenced by factors of benefit to prevent illness and reduction of spread of the illness. Fear of side-effects remained a barrier toward acceptance which should be taken into account in planning of preparation for future wave of outbreak.

KW - Influenza A (H1N1) vaccination

KW - Practice

KW - Primary health care workers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84879736592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84879736592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 664

EP - 670

JO - International Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - International Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 2008-7802

IS - 6

ER -