Factors associated with poor academic achievement among urban primary school children in Malaysia

L. C. Ong, V. Chandran, Y. Y. Lim, A. H. Chen, Bee Koon Poh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with poor academic achievement during the early school years. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of urban Primary Two children. Sociodemographic and medical data were obtained from questionnaires and interviews. Achievement was based on marks obtained in the core subjects of the Primary One examination. All students underwent the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices test as a general measure of cognitive ability, audiometry and visual tests, and standardised measurements of weight and height. Results: Out of 1,470 eligible children, 206 (14 percent) had poor academic achievement. Of the 919 children who participated in the study, 111 (12.1 percent) had poor achievement compared with 95 (17.2 percent) of the 551 non-participants. Using logistic regression analysis, the factors that were found to be independently associated with poor academic achievement were lower mean Raven scores (p-value is less than 0.001), lower mean socioeconomic status scores (p-value is less than 0.001), larger sibship size (p-value is 0.031), male gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.7; 95 percent confidence interval [CI] 1.1-2.65) and a history of prematurity (OR 14; 95 percent CI 2-97.8). Conclusion: Cognitive ability, gender, prematurity and social factors contribute to poor academic achievement during the early school years. The higher proportion of poor achievers among non-participants warrants further attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalSingapore Medical Journal
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Crows
Aptitude
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Audiometry
Social Class
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Interviews
Students
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Cognitive ability
  • Gender
  • Prematurity
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Factors associated with poor academic achievement among urban primary school children in Malaysia. / Ong, L. C.; Chandran, V.; Lim, Y. Y.; Chen, A. H.; Poh, Bee Koon.

In: Singapore Medical Journal, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2010, p. 247-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ong, L. C. ; Chandran, V. ; Lim, Y. Y. ; Chen, A. H. ; Poh, Bee Koon. / Factors associated with poor academic achievement among urban primary school children in Malaysia. In: Singapore Medical Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 51, No. 3. pp. 247-252.
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