Factors associated with mild cognitive impairment among elderly patients attending medical clinics in universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia medical centre

Rosdinom Razali, Azlin Baharudin, Nik Ruzyanei Nik Jaafar, Hatta Sidi, Abdul Hadi Rosli, Khoo Boo Hooi, Lee Tyan Shin, Noor Hafizah Samsudin Bahari, Noralia Anis Elias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition among the elderly and is believed to be a precursor to Alzheimer disease. This study aims to detect the prevalence of MCI and factors associated with it. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of elderly patients attending various medical clinics in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) in 2010. Only patients aged 60 years and above, literate with no hearing or visual impairments were included. Screening instruments included the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical data. The cut-off points for MMSE for MCI was 21/30 to 28/30. The prevalence rate based on MMSE score for 'normal' and MCI were 35.3% and 64.7%, respectively. Most of the 346 patients (33.9%) had only one type of medical illness and on one type of medication. MCI was significantly associated with low educational achievement (p<0.05) and rheumatological diseases (p= 0.05). However, it is not associated with the number of medical illnesses suffered by patients and the number of medications prescribed. This study highlighted that MCI was a common condition among the elderly UKMMC Medical clinic attendees and was significantly associated with their low education level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-647
Number of pages7
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume41
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Educational Status
Vision Disorders
Hearing Loss
Cognitive Dysfunction
Alzheimer Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Impairment
  • Medical illness
  • Mild cognitive MCI
  • MMSE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Factors associated with mild cognitive impairment among elderly patients attending medical clinics in universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia medical centre. / Razali, Rosdinom; Baharudin, Azlin; Nik Jaafar, Nik Ruzyanei; Sidi, Hatta; Rosli, Abdul Hadi; Hooi, Khoo Boo; Shin, Lee Tyan; Bahari, Noor Hafizah Samsudin; Elias, Noralia Anis.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 41, No. 5, 05.2012, p. 641-647.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Razali, Rosdinom ; Baharudin, Azlin ; Nik Jaafar, Nik Ruzyanei ; Sidi, Hatta ; Rosli, Abdul Hadi ; Hooi, Khoo Boo ; Shin, Lee Tyan ; Bahari, Noor Hafizah Samsudin ; Elias, Noralia Anis. / Factors associated with mild cognitive impairment among elderly patients attending medical clinics in universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia medical centre. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2012 ; Vol. 41, No. 5. pp. 641-647.
@article{c4366bee02b84def9e63bf95e2fa805a,
title = "Factors associated with mild cognitive impairment among elderly patients attending medical clinics in universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia medical centre",
abstract = "Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition among the elderly and is believed to be a precursor to Alzheimer disease. This study aims to detect the prevalence of MCI and factors associated with it. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of elderly patients attending various medical clinics in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) in 2010. Only patients aged 60 years and above, literate with no hearing or visual impairments were included. Screening instruments included the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical data. The cut-off points for MMSE for MCI was 21/30 to 28/30. The prevalence rate based on MMSE score for 'normal' and MCI were 35.3{\%} and 64.7{\%}, respectively. Most of the 346 patients (33.9{\%}) had only one type of medical illness and on one type of medication. MCI was significantly associated with low educational achievement (p<0.05) and rheumatological diseases (p= 0.05). However, it is not associated with the number of medical illnesses suffered by patients and the number of medications prescribed. This study highlighted that MCI was a common condition among the elderly UKMMC Medical clinic attendees and was significantly associated with their low education level.",
keywords = "Elderly, Impairment, Medical illness, Mild cognitive MCI, MMSE",
author = "Rosdinom Razali and Azlin Baharudin and {Nik Jaafar}, {Nik Ruzyanei} and Hatta Sidi and Rosli, {Abdul Hadi} and Hooi, {Khoo Boo} and Shin, {Lee Tyan} and Bahari, {Noor Hafizah Samsudin} and Elias, {Noralia Anis}",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "641--647",
journal = "Sains Malaysiana",
issn = "0126-6039",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with mild cognitive impairment among elderly patients attending medical clinics in universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia medical centre

AU - Razali, Rosdinom

AU - Baharudin, Azlin

AU - Nik Jaafar, Nik Ruzyanei

AU - Sidi, Hatta

AU - Rosli, Abdul Hadi

AU - Hooi, Khoo Boo

AU - Shin, Lee Tyan

AU - Bahari, Noor Hafizah Samsudin

AU - Elias, Noralia Anis

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition among the elderly and is believed to be a precursor to Alzheimer disease. This study aims to detect the prevalence of MCI and factors associated with it. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of elderly patients attending various medical clinics in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) in 2010. Only patients aged 60 years and above, literate with no hearing or visual impairments were included. Screening instruments included the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical data. The cut-off points for MMSE for MCI was 21/30 to 28/30. The prevalence rate based on MMSE score for 'normal' and MCI were 35.3% and 64.7%, respectively. Most of the 346 patients (33.9%) had only one type of medical illness and on one type of medication. MCI was significantly associated with low educational achievement (p<0.05) and rheumatological diseases (p= 0.05). However, it is not associated with the number of medical illnesses suffered by patients and the number of medications prescribed. This study highlighted that MCI was a common condition among the elderly UKMMC Medical clinic attendees and was significantly associated with their low education level.

AB - Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition among the elderly and is believed to be a precursor to Alzheimer disease. This study aims to detect the prevalence of MCI and factors associated with it. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of elderly patients attending various medical clinics in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) in 2010. Only patients aged 60 years and above, literate with no hearing or visual impairments were included. Screening instruments included the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical data. The cut-off points for MMSE for MCI was 21/30 to 28/30. The prevalence rate based on MMSE score for 'normal' and MCI were 35.3% and 64.7%, respectively. Most of the 346 patients (33.9%) had only one type of medical illness and on one type of medication. MCI was significantly associated with low educational achievement (p<0.05) and rheumatological diseases (p= 0.05). However, it is not associated with the number of medical illnesses suffered by patients and the number of medications prescribed. This study highlighted that MCI was a common condition among the elderly UKMMC Medical clinic attendees and was significantly associated with their low education level.

KW - Elderly

KW - Impairment

KW - Medical illness

KW - Mild cognitive MCI

KW - MMSE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860642469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84860642469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84860642469

VL - 41

SP - 641

EP - 647

JO - Sains Malaysiana

JF - Sains Malaysiana

SN - 0126-6039

IS - 5

ER -