Factors associated with health services financier among temporary sheltered homeless in urban Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The presence of homelessness in Malaysia is not a new issue. The existence of homeless population is growing, along with the development of this country. With the increasing number of homelessness, the range of issues, such as health services financier among them, has surfaced. However, there was limited study conducted on this subject. The main objective of this study was thus, to identify the financier of health services among the homelessness in Kuala Lumpur and factors associated with it. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we include 196 homeless people aged above 18 years, Malaysian who were able to communicate with interviewers, and respondents who were not aggressive. These respondents were transits at Pusat Transit Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur and Anjung Singgah Kuala Lumpur and were available during interview sessions. They were selected via simple random sampling and were interviewed via face to face guided interviews using a validated structured questionnaire. Data were analysed descriptively, as well as using bivariate and multivariate analysis to explore the associated factors. Results: The study showed that 57.7% homeless utilized the health services with only 37.8% assessed government health services. Only 42.5% of the respondents use their own money and 46.9% received aids to finance their health. Major influencing factors that influence homeless people to use their own money for health services were education level, income and disability, with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 3.15 (1.07-9.25), 0.08 (0.029-3.07) and 0.05 (0.003-0.88) while p value was 0.037, < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. The influencing factors for receiving aid for health services were income and those who took drugs with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 6.50 (2.30-18.39), and 0.33 (0.11-0.95) while p value was < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. Conclusion: There is low healthcare services utilization and affordability among homelessness. All parties should play a role in ensuring that homeless people are not left behind in the health care accessibility in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number548
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Health Services
Homeless Persons
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population

Keywords

  • Health financier
  • Health financing
  • Health service
  • Health utilization
  • Homeless

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Factors associated with health services financier among temporary sheltered homeless in urban Malaysia. / Aizuddin, Azimatun Noor; Abdul Jabar, Siti Waffa; Idris, Idayu Badilla.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 19, 548, 13.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Factors associated with health services financier among temporary sheltered homeless in urban Malaysia",
abstract = "Background: The presence of homelessness in Malaysia is not a new issue. The existence of homeless population is growing, along with the development of this country. With the increasing number of homelessness, the range of issues, such as health services financier among them, has surfaced. However, there was limited study conducted on this subject. The main objective of this study was thus, to identify the financier of health services among the homelessness in Kuala Lumpur and factors associated with it. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we include 196 homeless people aged above 18 years, Malaysian who were able to communicate with interviewers, and respondents who were not aggressive. These respondents were transits at Pusat Transit Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur and Anjung Singgah Kuala Lumpur and were available during interview sessions. They were selected via simple random sampling and were interviewed via face to face guided interviews using a validated structured questionnaire. Data were analysed descriptively, as well as using bivariate and multivariate analysis to explore the associated factors. Results: The study showed that 57.7{\%} homeless utilized the health services with only 37.8{\%} assessed government health services. Only 42.5{\%} of the respondents use their own money and 46.9{\%} received aids to finance their health. Major influencing factors that influence homeless people to use their own money for health services were education level, income and disability, with adjusted OR (95{\%} CI) of 3.15 (1.07-9.25), 0.08 (0.029-3.07) and 0.05 (0.003-0.88) while p value was 0.037, < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. The influencing factors for receiving aid for health services were income and those who took drugs with adjusted OR (95{\%} CI) of 6.50 (2.30-18.39), and 0.33 (0.11-0.95) while p value was < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. Conclusion: There is low healthcare services utilization and affordability among homelessness. All parties should play a role in ensuring that homeless people are not left behind in the health care accessibility in Malaysia.",
keywords = "Health financier, Health financing, Health service, Health utilization, Homeless",
author = "Aizuddin, {Azimatun Noor} and {Abdul Jabar}, {Siti Waffa} and Idris, {Idayu Badilla}",
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AU - Aizuddin, Azimatun Noor

AU - Abdul Jabar, Siti Waffa

AU - Idris, Idayu Badilla

PY - 2019/6/13

Y1 - 2019/6/13

N2 - Background: The presence of homelessness in Malaysia is not a new issue. The existence of homeless population is growing, along with the development of this country. With the increasing number of homelessness, the range of issues, such as health services financier among them, has surfaced. However, there was limited study conducted on this subject. The main objective of this study was thus, to identify the financier of health services among the homelessness in Kuala Lumpur and factors associated with it. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we include 196 homeless people aged above 18 years, Malaysian who were able to communicate with interviewers, and respondents who were not aggressive. These respondents were transits at Pusat Transit Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur and Anjung Singgah Kuala Lumpur and were available during interview sessions. They were selected via simple random sampling and were interviewed via face to face guided interviews using a validated structured questionnaire. Data were analysed descriptively, as well as using bivariate and multivariate analysis to explore the associated factors. Results: The study showed that 57.7% homeless utilized the health services with only 37.8% assessed government health services. Only 42.5% of the respondents use their own money and 46.9% received aids to finance their health. Major influencing factors that influence homeless people to use their own money for health services were education level, income and disability, with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 3.15 (1.07-9.25), 0.08 (0.029-3.07) and 0.05 (0.003-0.88) while p value was 0.037, < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. The influencing factors for receiving aid for health services were income and those who took drugs with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 6.50 (2.30-18.39), and 0.33 (0.11-0.95) while p value was < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. Conclusion: There is low healthcare services utilization and affordability among homelessness. All parties should play a role in ensuring that homeless people are not left behind in the health care accessibility in Malaysia.

AB - Background: The presence of homelessness in Malaysia is not a new issue. The existence of homeless population is growing, along with the development of this country. With the increasing number of homelessness, the range of issues, such as health services financier among them, has surfaced. However, there was limited study conducted on this subject. The main objective of this study was thus, to identify the financier of health services among the homelessness in Kuala Lumpur and factors associated with it. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we include 196 homeless people aged above 18 years, Malaysian who were able to communicate with interviewers, and respondents who were not aggressive. These respondents were transits at Pusat Transit Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur and Anjung Singgah Kuala Lumpur and were available during interview sessions. They were selected via simple random sampling and were interviewed via face to face guided interviews using a validated structured questionnaire. Data were analysed descriptively, as well as using bivariate and multivariate analysis to explore the associated factors. Results: The study showed that 57.7% homeless utilized the health services with only 37.8% assessed government health services. Only 42.5% of the respondents use their own money and 46.9% received aids to finance their health. Major influencing factors that influence homeless people to use their own money for health services were education level, income and disability, with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 3.15 (1.07-9.25), 0.08 (0.029-3.07) and 0.05 (0.003-0.88) while p value was 0.037, < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. The influencing factors for receiving aid for health services were income and those who took drugs with adjusted OR (95% CI) of 6.50 (2.30-18.39), and 0.33 (0.11-0.95) while p value was < 0.001 and 0.041 respectively. Conclusion: There is low healthcare services utilization and affordability among homelessness. All parties should play a role in ensuring that homeless people are not left behind in the health care accessibility in Malaysia.

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KW - Homeless

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