Factors affecting upper extremity kinematics in healthy adults: A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding upper extremity (UE) kinematics in healthy adults is vital for comparison with adults with impairments. Although UE kinematics may be associated with several factors, information regarding these factors among healthy adults is limited. In this systematic review, we explored and summarized information regarding the factors that affect UE kinematics during functional movements and activities of daily living (ADL) among healthy adults. We searched databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCOHost, Scopus and Science Direct for relevant papers. A manual review of the retrieved articles was performed. Only papers published in English and that involved healthy participants with no UE impairments were included in this review. A paper was also included if it involved functional movement or ADL. Critical appraisal was performed using the Quality of Cross Sectional Studies assessment tool. Our search identified 1,108 articles, and 26 articles were retrieved based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The following factors were identified as affecting UE kinematics: age, gender, physical activity level, body mass index, limb dominance, features related to the target (target size and target position) and social interaction. Although these factors are associated with UE kinematics, how these factors influence UE movements remains unclear. An in-depth comprehension of UE kinematics and related factors is crucial to provide optimal care for clients during rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-123
Number of pages23
JournalCritical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Biomechanical Phenomena
Upper Extremity
Activities of Daily Living
Interpersonal Relations
PubMed
Healthy Volunteers
Body Mass Index
Rehabilitation
Extremities
Cross-Sectional Studies
Databases
Exercise

Keywords

  • Activity of daily living
  • Factors
  • Functional movements
  • Healthy adults
  • Kinematics
  • Upper extremity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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abstract = "Understanding upper extremity (UE) kinematics in healthy adults is vital for comparison with adults with impairments. Although UE kinematics may be associated with several factors, information regarding these factors among healthy adults is limited. In this systematic review, we explored and summarized information regarding the factors that affect UE kinematics during functional movements and activities of daily living (ADL) among healthy adults. We searched databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCOHost, Scopus and Science Direct for relevant papers. A manual review of the retrieved articles was performed. Only papers published in English and that involved healthy participants with no UE impairments were included in this review. A paper was also included if it involved functional movement or ADL. Critical appraisal was performed using the Quality of Cross Sectional Studies assessment tool. Our search identified 1,108 articles, and 26 articles were retrieved based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The following factors were identified as affecting UE kinematics: age, gender, physical activity level, body mass index, limb dominance, features related to the target (target size and target position) and social interaction. Although these factors are associated with UE kinematics, how these factors influence UE movements remains unclear. An in-depth comprehension of UE kinematics and related factors is crucial to provide optimal care for clients during rehabilitation.",
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