Factors affecting basin type solar still productivity: A detailed review

Ali F. Muftah, M. A. Alghoul, Ahmad Fudholi, M. M. Abdul-Majeed, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reasonable amounts of fresh water can be produced via inexpensive and sturdy solar stills in places that are exposed to solar radiation and have a brackish water. This work intends to analyze the many studies on factors that affect the performance of solar stills. The results showed that the distillation productivity of solar stills are significantly influenced by ambient conditions (e.g., ambient temperature, insolation, wind velocity, dust and cloud cover), operating conditions (e.g., depth of water, various dyes, salt concentration and inlet temperature of water), and design conditions (e.g., different passive/active designs of solar stills, slope of the cover, materials selection, storing materials, reflectors, insulation, gap distance and sun tracking system). It was also determined that the performance of solar stills was improved through the increase in solar radiation, ambient air temperature, wind speed, and water absorptivity. This also rings through with the decrease in water depth, thickness of cover, gap distance between water surface and condensing cover. It was also determined that both internal and external reflectors are capable of increasing the amount of absorbed solar radiation on the basin liner. The potential output of a basin type still can potentially increase to almost 70-100%. On top of this, the utilization of a sun tracking system was determined to be way more effective in improving the performance of solar still. This translate to the fact that solar stills being able to produce potable water at a very economical cost. Due to the existence of different methods of cost estimation, it is not possible to determine a universal, comparable price per technology; the cost per liter of distilled water obtained from the basin type solar still is ranged from 0.035 to 0.074$/liter. This study proved the fact that distillation productivity of solar still is heavily influenced by climatic, operational, and design parameters. Its output can be further improved via operational and design conditions, as climatic conditions are beyond our control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-447
Number of pages18
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Fingerprint

Productivity
Water
Solar radiation
Distillation
Sun
Costs
Incident solar radiation
Potable water
Temperature
Dust
Insulation
Dyes
Salts
Air

Keywords

  • Basin type still
  • Climatic-design-operational parameters
  • Distillation
  • Solar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Factors affecting basin type solar still productivity : A detailed review. / Muftah, Ali F.; Alghoul, M. A.; Fudholi, Ahmad; Abdul-Majeed, M. M.; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 32, 04.2014, p. 430-447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2782a8aba1a7455582a568c37235d5cb,
title = "Factors affecting basin type solar still productivity: A detailed review",
abstract = "Reasonable amounts of fresh water can be produced via inexpensive and sturdy solar stills in places that are exposed to solar radiation and have a brackish water. This work intends to analyze the many studies on factors that affect the performance of solar stills. The results showed that the distillation productivity of solar stills are significantly influenced by ambient conditions (e.g., ambient temperature, insolation, wind velocity, dust and cloud cover), operating conditions (e.g., depth of water, various dyes, salt concentration and inlet temperature of water), and design conditions (e.g., different passive/active designs of solar stills, slope of the cover, materials selection, storing materials, reflectors, insulation, gap distance and sun tracking system). It was also determined that the performance of solar stills was improved through the increase in solar radiation, ambient air temperature, wind speed, and water absorptivity. This also rings through with the decrease in water depth, thickness of cover, gap distance between water surface and condensing cover. It was also determined that both internal and external reflectors are capable of increasing the amount of absorbed solar radiation on the basin liner. The potential output of a basin type still can potentially increase to almost 70-100{\%}. On top of this, the utilization of a sun tracking system was determined to be way more effective in improving the performance of solar still. This translate to the fact that solar stills being able to produce potable water at a very economical cost. Due to the existence of different methods of cost estimation, it is not possible to determine a universal, comparable price per technology; the cost per liter of distilled water obtained from the basin type solar still is ranged from 0.035 to 0.074$/liter. This study proved the fact that distillation productivity of solar still is heavily influenced by climatic, operational, and design parameters. Its output can be further improved via operational and design conditions, as climatic conditions are beyond our control.",
keywords = "Basin type still, Climatic-design-operational parameters, Distillation, Solar",
author = "Muftah, {Ali F.} and Alghoul, {M. A.} and Ahmad Fudholi and Abdul-Majeed, {M. M.} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2013.12.052",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "430--447",
journal = "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors affecting basin type solar still productivity

T2 - A detailed review

AU - Muftah, Ali F.

AU - Alghoul, M. A.

AU - Fudholi, Ahmad

AU - Abdul-Majeed, M. M.

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - Reasonable amounts of fresh water can be produced via inexpensive and sturdy solar stills in places that are exposed to solar radiation and have a brackish water. This work intends to analyze the many studies on factors that affect the performance of solar stills. The results showed that the distillation productivity of solar stills are significantly influenced by ambient conditions (e.g., ambient temperature, insolation, wind velocity, dust and cloud cover), operating conditions (e.g., depth of water, various dyes, salt concentration and inlet temperature of water), and design conditions (e.g., different passive/active designs of solar stills, slope of the cover, materials selection, storing materials, reflectors, insulation, gap distance and sun tracking system). It was also determined that the performance of solar stills was improved through the increase in solar radiation, ambient air temperature, wind speed, and water absorptivity. This also rings through with the decrease in water depth, thickness of cover, gap distance between water surface and condensing cover. It was also determined that both internal and external reflectors are capable of increasing the amount of absorbed solar radiation on the basin liner. The potential output of a basin type still can potentially increase to almost 70-100%. On top of this, the utilization of a sun tracking system was determined to be way more effective in improving the performance of solar still. This translate to the fact that solar stills being able to produce potable water at a very economical cost. Due to the existence of different methods of cost estimation, it is not possible to determine a universal, comparable price per technology; the cost per liter of distilled water obtained from the basin type solar still is ranged from 0.035 to 0.074$/liter. This study proved the fact that distillation productivity of solar still is heavily influenced by climatic, operational, and design parameters. Its output can be further improved via operational and design conditions, as climatic conditions are beyond our control.

AB - Reasonable amounts of fresh water can be produced via inexpensive and sturdy solar stills in places that are exposed to solar radiation and have a brackish water. This work intends to analyze the many studies on factors that affect the performance of solar stills. The results showed that the distillation productivity of solar stills are significantly influenced by ambient conditions (e.g., ambient temperature, insolation, wind velocity, dust and cloud cover), operating conditions (e.g., depth of water, various dyes, salt concentration and inlet temperature of water), and design conditions (e.g., different passive/active designs of solar stills, slope of the cover, materials selection, storing materials, reflectors, insulation, gap distance and sun tracking system). It was also determined that the performance of solar stills was improved through the increase in solar radiation, ambient air temperature, wind speed, and water absorptivity. This also rings through with the decrease in water depth, thickness of cover, gap distance between water surface and condensing cover. It was also determined that both internal and external reflectors are capable of increasing the amount of absorbed solar radiation on the basin liner. The potential output of a basin type still can potentially increase to almost 70-100%. On top of this, the utilization of a sun tracking system was determined to be way more effective in improving the performance of solar still. This translate to the fact that solar stills being able to produce potable water at a very economical cost. Due to the existence of different methods of cost estimation, it is not possible to determine a universal, comparable price per technology; the cost per liter of distilled water obtained from the basin type solar still is ranged from 0.035 to 0.074$/liter. This study proved the fact that distillation productivity of solar still is heavily influenced by climatic, operational, and design parameters. Its output can be further improved via operational and design conditions, as climatic conditions are beyond our control.

KW - Basin type still

KW - Climatic-design-operational parameters

KW - Distillation

KW - Solar

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893267946&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893267946&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2013.12.052

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2013.12.052

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84893267946

VL - 32

SP - 430

EP - 447

JO - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

ER -