Facial fractures in Kajang Hospital, Malaysia: A 5-year review

Roslan A. Rahman, Haizal M. Hussaini, Normastura A. Rahman, Siti R A Rahman, Ghazali M. Nor, Sharifah M. Al Idrus, Roszalina Ramli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the demographic data as well as other relevant data pertaining to the management of patients with maxillofacial injury in a Malaysian government regional hospital. Medical records of 313 patients who sustained maxillofacial injury treated in Kajang Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia over a 5-year period (1998-2002) were collected. Data regarding age, gender and race, etiology of injury, site of injury, other associated injuries and treatment undertaken were analyzed. Two hundred and forty-nine male (79.6%) and 64 female patients (20.4%) were treated for maxillofacial trauma. The patients' age range from 1 to 67 years old, with a median age of 23 years old. A high number of Malays (60.1%) sustained maxillofacial injury, followed by Indians (16%), Chinese (13.4%) and other races (10.5%). Road traffic accident was the main etiology for maxillofacial injury with 230 cases (73.5%), followed by fall (16.6%), assault (5.4%), industrial accident (2.6%), sports injuries (0.6%) and others (1.3%). Mandibular fractures were the most common, occurring in 83.1% of the cases while the midfacial fractures accounted for 16.9%. Majority of patients were treated with closed reduction and intermaxillary fixation (88.1%) and 11.9% underwent open reduction and internal fixation. Road traffic accident involving motorcyclists was the main cause of maxillofacial trauma in Malaysia. The most common facial fracture was the mandibular fracture. Non-surgical manipulation of fracture was the most common treatment carried out in this hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-95
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

Fingerprint

Maxillofacial Injuries
Malaysia
Wounds and Injuries
Mandibular Fractures
Traffic Accidents
Occupational Accidents
Athletic Injuries
Medical Records
Demography
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Kajang Hospital
  • Malaysia
  • Maxillofacial trauma
  • Retrospective study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Rahman, R. A., Hussaini, H. M., Rahman, N. A., Rahman, S. R. A., Nor, G. M., Al Idrus, S. M., & Ramli, R. (2007). Facial fractures in Kajang Hospital, Malaysia: A 5-year review. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 33(1), 90-95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-007-5154-5

Facial fractures in Kajang Hospital, Malaysia : A 5-year review. / Rahman, Roslan A.; Hussaini, Haizal M.; Rahman, Normastura A.; Rahman, Siti R A; Nor, Ghazali M.; Al Idrus, Sharifah M.; Ramli, Roszalina.

In: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Vol. 33, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 90-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rahman, RA, Hussaini, HM, Rahman, NA, Rahman, SRA, Nor, GM, Al Idrus, SM & Ramli, R 2007, 'Facial fractures in Kajang Hospital, Malaysia: A 5-year review', European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 90-95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-007-5154-5
Rahman, Roslan A. ; Hussaini, Haizal M. ; Rahman, Normastura A. ; Rahman, Siti R A ; Nor, Ghazali M. ; Al Idrus, Sharifah M. ; Ramli, Roszalina. / Facial fractures in Kajang Hospital, Malaysia : A 5-year review. In: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery. 2007 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 90-95.
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