Extrication of biodiesel feedstock from early stage of food waste liquefaction

Ghufran Redzwan, Maridah Mohd Amin, Nur Nabiha Zulkarnain, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, Mohamad Suffian Mohamad Annuar, Zul Ilham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel is commonly produced from vegetable oils, mostly edible and more expensive than petroleum diesel. By considering the cost of the conversion processes, cheap feedstock such as triglycerides and fatty acids (FA) extracted from early stage of food waste liquefaction has become a better choice than vegetable oils, as it could provide high yield of biodiesel without any compromise to food supply and other resources. In this study, FA from early stage of food waste liquefaction was extracted and tested for use as feedstock for biodiesel synthesis. The raw material was not pretreated but extraction was done by dry and wet methods. It was found that wet method could minimized the lost of short and medium-chained FA as well as reducing the number of steps required, thus, yielding higher amount of FA as feedstock. The effects of mixing, methanol ratio, reaction time and catalyst content were investigated for the acid-catalyzed esterification. The maximum biodiesel conversion obtained was 97.4 %.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 29 Dec 2015

Fingerprint

Liquefaction
Biodiesel
Fatty acids
liquefaction
Feedstocks
fatty acid
vegetable oil
food
Vegetable oils
Food supply
Esterification
food supply
diesel
methanol
Raw materials
Methanol
Crude oil
catalyst
petroleum
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Esterification
  • Fatty acids
  • Food waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Extrication of biodiesel feedstock from early stage of food waste liquefaction. / Redzwan, Ghufran; Amin, Maridah Mohd; Zulkarnain, Nur Nabiha; Abu Mansor, Mohd Radzi; Annuar, Mohamad Suffian Mohamad; Ilham, Zul.

In: Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 29.12.2015, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Redzwan, Ghufran ; Amin, Maridah Mohd ; Zulkarnain, Nur Nabiha ; Abu Mansor, Mohd Radzi ; Annuar, Mohamad Suffian Mohamad ; Ilham, Zul. / Extrication of biodiesel feedstock from early stage of food waste liquefaction. In: Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. 2015 ; pp. 1-6.
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