Exploratory analysis of traditional risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) among predominantly Malay Malaysian women

Norafidah Abdul Rashid, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, Khadijah Shamsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) specific for women are less well studied. However, knowing the risk factors of IHD for women will empower women themselves to be better informed and thus can help them in decision making concerning their health condition. The objective of this study is to explore the commonly studied risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) among a group of Malaysian women. Methods: A case control study was conducted among 142 newly diagnosed IHD women patients registered in government hospitals in Terengganu, Malaysia and their 1:1 frequency matched population controls. Data on sociodemographic and socioeconomic profile, co-morbidities, lifestyle factors related to physical activities, dietary fat intake, stress, passive smoking history, anthropometric measurements and biochemical markers were obtained. Results: Middle aged women were recruited with women diagnosed with diabetes (aOR = 1.92, 95% CI: 1.11-3.31), having low HDL-C (aOR = 3.30, 95% CI: 1.28-8.27), those with positive family history of IHD (aOR = 1.92, 95% CI:1.13-3.26) and passive smokers (aOR = 2.99, 95% CI:1.81-4.94) were at higher odds of IHD. Conclusions: The findings are useful for public health interventions and policy making focusing on specific women population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number545
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2019

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Myocardial Ischemia
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Population Control
Policy Making
Dietary Fats
Malaysia
Public Policy
Health Policy
Case-Control Studies
Life Style
Decision Making
Public Health
Biomarkers
History
Exercise
Morbidity
Health
Population

Keywords

  • IHD
  • Malay
  • Passive smoking
  • Risk factors
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Exploratory analysis of traditional risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) among predominantly Malay Malaysian women. / Rashid, Norafidah Abdul; Mohammed Nawi, Azmawati; Shamsuddin, Khadijah.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 19, 545, 13.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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