Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints

Bruce Abernethy, Mohd Khairi Zawi, Robin C. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments were undertaken to ascertain the extent to which expertise in natural anticipatory tasks is characterised by superior attunement to the biomechanical (kinematic) constraints of the movement pattern being observed. Twelve world-class and twelve non-expert badminton players were required to predict the depth of an opponent's stroke from either video displays or point-light displays of the opposing player's hitting action. The information available within the displays was manipulated through temporal and/or spatial occlusion. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from the constraint-attunement hypothesis (Vicente and Wang, 1998 Psychological Review 105 33-57), experts showed: (i) an unchanged pattern of information pick-up when the display was reduced from video to point-light and only kinematic information was available; (ii) superior information pick-up from kinematic features that non-experts could use; and (iii) attunement to early kinematic information from the lower body to which non-experts were not sensitive. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from a common-coding perspective (Prinz, 1997 European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 9 129-154), the anticipation of stroke depth was facilitated more for experts than non-experts when the perceptual display provided linked segment information reminiscent of the cross-segmental torque transfers that occur during expert movement production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-948
Number of pages18
JournalPerception
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biomechanical Phenomena
Kinematics
Display devices
Racquet Sports
Stroke
Psychology
Light
Torque
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints. / Abernethy, Bruce; Zawi, Mohd Khairi; Jackson, Robin C.

In: Perception, Vol. 37, No. 6, 2008, p. 931-948.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abernethy, B, Zawi, MK & Jackson, RC 2008, 'Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints', Perception, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 931-948. https://doi.org/10.1068/p5340
Abernethy, Bruce ; Zawi, Mohd Khairi ; Jackson, Robin C. / Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints. In: Perception. 2008 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 931-948.
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