Experimental investigation of the performance of a liquid fuel-fired porous burner operating on kerosene-vegetable cooking oil (VCO) blends for micro-cogeneration of thermoelectric power

K. F. Mustafa, Shahrir Abdullah, M. Z. Abdullah, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, A. K. Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies related to porous burner for thermoelectric (TE) power generation have mainly focused toward achieving a specific range of power output for various applications. However, detailed analyses on the performance and emission aspects of the porous burner are lacking. In addition, physical integration between the burner and TE modules has added further complexity in this research area. Thus, this work aims to comprehend the effects of fuel-air equivalence ratio on the performance and emission characteristics of a liquid fuel-fired porous burner for micro-cogeneration of TE power. A catalytically inert Al2O3 porous medium was incorporated into a liquid fuel-fired porous burner operating on four mixtures of kerosene-vegetable cooking oil (VCO) blends: 100 kerosene, 90/10 KVCO, 75/25 KVCO, and 50/50 KVCO. Ten bismuth-telluride TE cells were arranged in a ten-sided polygon that, together with finned dissipators, formed a TE module electrically connected in series but thermally connected in parallel. The performance aspects at various fuel-air equivalence ratios were thoroughly evaluated with the corresponding temperature profiles, voltage, current, power output, and electrical efficiency. Results indicated that the surface temperature of the porous media was generally higher than the developed and exit flame temperature of the burner. Varying the fuel-air equivalence ratio significantly affected the electrical efficiency, with a maximum and minimum value of 1.94% and 1.10%, respectively. The power output steadily increased in the lean region, but stabilized as the fuel-air equivalence ratio slowly increased beyond the stoichiometric ratio. The CO emission was relatively lower at the lean region; however, significant amount was recorded in the rich combustion region. Moreover, NOx fluctuated between 1ppm and 4ppm over the entire range of fuel-air equivalence ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-516
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

Fingerprint

Thermoelectric power
Cooking
Kerosene
Liquid fuels
Vegetables
Fuel burners
Air
Porous materials
Bismuth
Temperature
Power generation
Oils
Electric potential

Keywords

  • Emission
  • Kerosene
  • Porous burner
  • Thermoelectric
  • Vegetable cooking oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

@article{197bbf31ac2549a4b47c8829c39011c3,
title = "Experimental investigation of the performance of a liquid fuel-fired porous burner operating on kerosene-vegetable cooking oil (VCO) blends for micro-cogeneration of thermoelectric power",
abstract = "Studies related to porous burner for thermoelectric (TE) power generation have mainly focused toward achieving a specific range of power output for various applications. However, detailed analyses on the performance and emission aspects of the porous burner are lacking. In addition, physical integration between the burner and TE modules has added further complexity in this research area. Thus, this work aims to comprehend the effects of fuel-air equivalence ratio on the performance and emission characteristics of a liquid fuel-fired porous burner for micro-cogeneration of TE power. A catalytically inert Al2O3 porous medium was incorporated into a liquid fuel-fired porous burner operating on four mixtures of kerosene-vegetable cooking oil (VCO) blends: 100 kerosene, 90/10 KVCO, 75/25 KVCO, and 50/50 KVCO. Ten bismuth-telluride TE cells were arranged in a ten-sided polygon that, together with finned dissipators, formed a TE module electrically connected in series but thermally connected in parallel. The performance aspects at various fuel-air equivalence ratios were thoroughly evaluated with the corresponding temperature profiles, voltage, current, power output, and electrical efficiency. Results indicated that the surface temperature of the porous media was generally higher than the developed and exit flame temperature of the burner. Varying the fuel-air equivalence ratio significantly affected the electrical efficiency, with a maximum and minimum value of 1.94{\%} and 1.10{\%}, respectively. The power output steadily increased in the lean region, but stabilized as the fuel-air equivalence ratio slowly increased beyond the stoichiometric ratio. The CO emission was relatively lower at the lean region; however, significant amount was recorded in the rich combustion region. Moreover, NOx fluctuated between 1ppm and 4ppm over the entire range of fuel-air equivalence ratio.",
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AU - Mustafa, K. F.

AU - Abdullah, Shahrir

AU - Abdullah, M. Z.

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Ismail, A. K.

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AB - Studies related to porous burner for thermoelectric (TE) power generation have mainly focused toward achieving a specific range of power output for various applications. However, detailed analyses on the performance and emission aspects of the porous burner are lacking. In addition, physical integration between the burner and TE modules has added further complexity in this research area. Thus, this work aims to comprehend the effects of fuel-air equivalence ratio on the performance and emission characteristics of a liquid fuel-fired porous burner for micro-cogeneration of TE power. A catalytically inert Al2O3 porous medium was incorporated into a liquid fuel-fired porous burner operating on four mixtures of kerosene-vegetable cooking oil (VCO) blends: 100 kerosene, 90/10 KVCO, 75/25 KVCO, and 50/50 KVCO. Ten bismuth-telluride TE cells were arranged in a ten-sided polygon that, together with finned dissipators, formed a TE module electrically connected in series but thermally connected in parallel. The performance aspects at various fuel-air equivalence ratios were thoroughly evaluated with the corresponding temperature profiles, voltage, current, power output, and electrical efficiency. Results indicated that the surface temperature of the porous media was generally higher than the developed and exit flame temperature of the burner. Varying the fuel-air equivalence ratio significantly affected the electrical efficiency, with a maximum and minimum value of 1.94% and 1.10%, respectively. The power output steadily increased in the lean region, but stabilized as the fuel-air equivalence ratio slowly increased beyond the stoichiometric ratio. The CO emission was relatively lower at the lean region; however, significant amount was recorded in the rich combustion region. Moreover, NOx fluctuated between 1ppm and 4ppm over the entire range of fuel-air equivalence ratio.

KW - Emission

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KW - Porous burner

KW - Thermoelectric

KW - Vegetable cooking oil

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